Station Number 31296
Prefecture Aomori [ Local Portal ]
Location 青森県五所川原市松島町 (GOSHOGAWARA SHI, AOMORI KEN)
Months of Observations 466
Number of Observations 339,944
Period of Observations
Period Name Lat. Long. Height Anemometer
1975/06/28 -- 1976/11/18 GOSHOGAWARA 40.808N 140.438E 9m 0.0m
1976/11/19 -- 1979/10/30 GOSHOGAWARA 40.808N 140.438E 9m 6.5m
1979/10/31 -- 1981/11/30 GOSHOGAWARA 40.808N 140.438E 9m 6.5m
1981/12/01 -- 1986/10/13 GOSHOGAWARA 40.808N 140.458E 9m 6.5m
1986/10/14 -- 2006/10/05 GOSHOGAWARA 40.808N 140.458E 9m 6.5m
2006/10/06 -- 2015/08/99 GOSHOGAWARA 40.808N 140.458E 9m 10.0m
Real-time Data AMeRAS (AMeDAS Ranking Service)
Past Heavy Rain Data AMeDAS heavy rain
Weather Disaster Reports
Typhoon History
Neighbor Stations
Number Name Distance Azimuth
31910 GOSHOGAWARA (Aomori) 0.00km 0deg.
31376 GOSHOGAWARA (Aomori) 1.75km 230deg.
31466 KUROISHI (Aomori) 18.98km 145deg.
31386 AOMORIOTANI (Aomori) 21.13km 113deg.
31366 AJIGASAWA (Aomori) 21.63km 260deg.
31945 AJIGASAWA (Aomori) 21.63km 260deg.
31461 HIROSAKI (Aomori) 21.77km 180deg.
31920 HIROSAKI (Aomori) 21.77km 180deg.
31451 DAKE (Aomori) 25.90km 219deg.
31312 AOMORI (Aomori) 26.20km 86deg.
31913 AOMORI (Aomori) 26.20km 86deg.
31311 AOMORI (Aomori) 26.96km 86deg.
31186 SHIURA (Aomori) 29.19km 341deg.

Statistics for the Whole Period

Precipitation

0.0mm - 0.4mm 0.0mm - 0.4mm = 309,016
[309,016 (90.90% / 91.35%)] [309,016 / 338,276 (91.35%)]
0.5mm - 1.4mm 0.5mm - 1.4mm = 20,083
[20,083 (5.91% / 5.94%)] [329,099 / 29,260 (97.29%)]
1.5mm - 2.4mm 1.5mm - 2.4mm = 4,867
[4,867 (1.43% / 1.44%)] [333,966 / 9,177 (98.73%)]
2.5mm - 3.4mm 2.5mm - 3.4mm = 1,923
[1,923 (0.57% / 0.57%)] [335,889 / 4,310 (99.29%)]
3.5mm - 4.4mm 3.5mm - 4.4mm = 911
[911 (0.27% / 0.27%)] [336,800 / 2,387 (99.56%)]
4.5mm - 5.4mm 4.5mm - 5.4mm = 473
[473 (0.14% / 0.14%)] [337,273 / 1,476 (99.70%)]
5.5mm - 6.4mm 5.5mm - 6.4mm = 297
[297 (0.09% / 0.09%)] [337,570 / 1,003 (99.79%)]
6.5mm - 7.4mm 6.5mm - 7.4mm = 199
[199 (0.06% / 0.06%)] [337,769 / 706 (99.85%)]
7.5mm - 8.4mm 7.5mm - 8.4mm = 128
[128 (0.04% / 0.04%)] [337,897 / 507 (99.89%)]
8.5mm - 9.4mm 8.5mm - 9.4mm = 87
[87 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [337,984 / 379 (99.91%)]
9.5mm - 10.4mm 9.5mm - 10.4mm = 66
[66 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [338,050 / 292 (99.93%)]
10.5mm - 11.4mm 10.5mm - 11.4mm = 49
[49 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [338,099 / 226 (99.95%)]
11.5mm - 12.4mm 11.5mm - 12.4mm = 34
[34 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [338,133 / 177 (99.96%)]
12.5mm - 13.4mm 12.5mm - 13.4mm = 22
[22 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [338,155 / 143 (99.96%)]
13.5mm - 14.4mm 13.5mm - 14.4mm = 27
[27 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [338,182 / 121 (99.97%)]
14.5mm - 15.4mm 14.5mm - 15.4mm = 17
[17 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [338,199 / 94 (99.98%)]
15.5mm - 16.4mm 15.5mm - 16.4mm = 13
[13 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,212 / 77 (99.98%)]
16.5mm - 17.4mm 16.5mm - 17.4mm = 17
[17 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [338,229 / 64 (99.99%)]
17.5mm - 18.4mm 17.5mm - 18.4mm = 9
[9 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,238 / 47 (99.99%)]
18.5mm - 19.4mm 18.5mm - 19.4mm = 9
[9 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,247 / 38 (99.99%)]
19.5mm - 20.4mm 19.5mm - 20.4mm = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,251 / 29 (99.99%)]
20.5mm - 21.4mm 20.5mm - 21.4mm = 7
[7 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,258 / 25 (99.99%)]
21.5mm - 22.4mm 21.5mm - 22.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,264 / 18 (100.00%)]
22.5mm - 23.4mm 22.5mm - 23.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,267 / 12 (100.00%)]
25.5mm - 26.4mm 25.5mm - 26.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,268 / 9 (100.00%)]
26.5mm - 27.4mm 26.5mm - 27.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,271 / 8 (100.00%)]
27.5mm - 28.4mm 27.5mm - 28.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,272 / 5 (100.00%)]
28.5mm - 29.4mm 28.5mm - 29.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,273 / 4 (100.00%)]
30.5mm - 31.4mm 30.5mm - 31.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,274 / 3 (100.00%)]
33.5mm - 34.4mm 33.5mm - 34.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,275 / 2 (100.00%)]
36.5mm - 37.4mm 36.5mm - 37.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [338,276 / 1 (100.00%)]

Missing observations (1,668 / 0.49%)

Wind Direction

Calm Calm = 38,533
[38,533 (11.34% / 11.35%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
NNE NNE = 5,655
[5,655 (1.66% / 1.67%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
NE NE = 19,537
[19,537 (5.75% / 5.76%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
ENE ENE = 20,357
[20,357 (5.99% / 6.00%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
E E = 9,983
[9,983 (2.94% / 2.94%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
ESE ESE = 11,488
[11,488 (3.38% / 3.39%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
SE SE = 32,869
[32,869 (9.67% / 9.69%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
SSE SSE = 30,202
[30,202 (8.88% / 8.90%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
S S = 13,749
[13,749 (4.04% / 4.05%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
SSW SSW = 11,142
[11,142 (3.28% / 3.28%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
SW SW = 11,263
[11,263 (3.31% / 3.32%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
WSW WSW = 22,920
[22,920 (6.74% / 6.75%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
W W = 31,132
[31,132 (9.16% / 9.17%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
WNW WNW = 34,973
[34,973 (10.29% / 10.31%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
NW NW = 27,144
[27,144 (7.98% / 8.00%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
NNW NNW = 11,758
[11,758 (3.46% / 3.46%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
N N = 6,663
[6,663 (1.96% / 1.96%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]

Missing observations (576 / 0.17%)

Wind Speed

0.0m/s - 0.4m/s 0.0m/s - 0.4m/s = 40,312
[40,312 (11.86% / 11.87%)] [40,312 / 339,500 (11.87%)]
0.5m/s - 1.4m/s 0.5m/s - 1.4m/s = 93,371
[93,371 (27.47% / 27.50%)] [133,683 / 299,188 (39.38%)]
1.5m/s - 2.4m/s 1.5m/s - 2.4m/s = 77,290
[77,290 (22.74% / 22.77%)] [210,973 / 205,817 (62.14%)]
2.5m/s - 3.4m/s 2.5m/s - 3.4m/s = 50,710
[50,710 (14.92% / 14.94%)] [261,683 / 128,527 (77.08%)]
3.5m/s - 4.4m/s 3.5m/s - 4.4m/s = 35,566
[35,566 (10.46% / 10.48%)] [297,249 / 77,817 (87.55%)]
4.5m/s - 5.4m/s 4.5m/s - 5.4m/s = 22,070
[22,070 (6.49% / 6.50%)] [319,319 / 42,251 (94.06%)]
5.5m/s - 6.4m/s 5.5m/s - 6.4m/s = 11,594
[11,594 (3.41% / 3.42%)] [330,913 / 20,181 (97.47%)]
6.5m/s - 7.4m/s 6.5m/s - 7.4m/s = 5,287
[5,287 (1.56% / 1.56%)] [336,200 / 8,587 (99.03%)]
7.5m/s - 8.4m/s 7.5m/s - 8.4m/s = 2,065
[2,065 (0.61% / 0.61%)] [338,265 / 3,300 (99.64%)]
8.5m/s - 9.4m/s 8.5m/s - 9.4m/s = 799
[799 (0.24% / 0.24%)] [339,064 / 1,235 (99.87%)]
9.5m/s - 10.4m/s 9.5m/s - 10.4m/s = 281
[281 (0.08% / 0.08%)] [339,345 / 436 (99.95%)]
10.5m/s - 11.4m/s 10.5m/s - 11.4m/s = 99
[99 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [339,444 / 155 (99.98%)]
11.5m/s - 12.4m/s 11.5m/s - 12.4m/s = 38
[38 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [339,482 / 56 (99.99%)]
12.5m/s - 13.4m/s 12.5m/s - 13.4m/s = 7
[7 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [339,489 / 18 (100.00%)]
13.5m/s - 14.4m/s 13.5m/s - 14.4m/s = 8
[8 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [339,497 / 11 (100.00%)]
14.5m/s - 15.4m/s 14.5m/s - 15.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [339,498 / 3 (100.00%)]
15.5m/s - 16.4m/s 15.5m/s - 16.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [339,499 / 2 (100.00%)]
16.5m/s - 17.4m/s 16.5m/s - 17.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [339,500 / 1 (100.00%)]

Missing observations (444 / 0.13%)

Temperature

-15.5C - -14.6C -15.5C - -14.6C = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [2 / 339,521 (0.00%)]
-14.5C - -13.6C -14.5C - -13.6C = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [5 / 339,519 (0.00%)]
-13.5C - -12.6C -13.5C - -12.6C = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [10 / 339,516 (0.00%)]
-12.5C - -11.6C -12.5C - -11.6C = 23
[23 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [33 / 339,511 (0.01%)]
-11.5C - -10.6C -11.5C - -10.6C = 65
[65 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [98 / 339,488 (0.03%)]
-10.5C - -9.6C -10.5C - -9.6C = 111
[111 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [209 / 339,423 (0.06%)]
-9.5C - -8.6C -9.5C - -8.6C = 223
[223 (0.07% / 0.07%)] [432 / 339,312 (0.13%)]
-8.5C - -7.6C -8.5C - -7.6C = 402
[402 (0.12% / 0.12%)] [834 / 339,089 (0.25%)]
-7.5C - -6.6C -7.5C - -6.6C = 885
[885 (0.26% / 0.26%)] [1,719 / 338,687 (0.51%)]
-6.5C - -5.6C -6.5C - -5.6C = 1,742
[1,742 (0.51% / 0.51%)] [3,461 / 337,802 (1.02%)]
-5.5C - -4.6C -5.5C - -4.6C = 3,166
[3,166 (0.93% / 0.93%)] [6,627 / 336,060 (1.95%)]
-4.5C - -3.6C -4.5C - -3.6C = 5,355
[5,355 (1.58% / 1.58%)] [11,982 / 332,894 (3.53%)]
-3.5C - -2.6C -3.5C - -2.6C = 7,297
[7,297 (2.15% / 2.15%)] [19,279 / 327,539 (5.68%)]
-2.5C - -1.6C -2.5C - -1.6C = 9,063
[9,063 (2.67% / 2.67%)] [28,342 / 320,242 (8.35%)]
-1.5C - -0.6C -1.5C - -0.6C = 10,920
[10,920 (3.21% / 3.22%)] [39,262 / 311,179 (11.56%)]
-0.5C - 0.4C -0.5C - 0.4C = 25,864
[25,864 (7.61% / 7.62%)] [65,126 / 300,259 (19.18%)]
0.5C - 1.4C 0.5C - 1.4C = 14,581
[14,581 (4.29% / 4.29%)] [79,707 / 274,395 (23.48%)]
1.5C - 2.4C 1.5C - 2.4C = 13,357
[13,357 (3.93% / 3.93%)] [93,064 / 259,814 (27.41%)]
2.5C - 3.4C 2.5C - 3.4C = 11,818
[11,818 (3.48% / 3.48%)] [104,882 / 246,457 (30.89%)]
3.5C - 4.4C 3.5C - 4.4C = 10,741
[10,741 (3.16% / 3.16%)] [115,623 / 234,639 (34.05%)]
4.5C - 5.4C 4.5C - 5.4C = 9,853
[9,853 (2.90% / 2.90%)] [125,476 / 223,898 (36.96%)]
5.5C - 6.4C 5.5C - 6.4C = 9,374
[9,374 (2.76% / 2.76%)] [134,850 / 214,045 (39.72%)]
6.5C - 7.4C 6.5C - 7.4C = 9,183
[9,183 (2.70% / 2.70%)] [144,033 / 204,671 (42.42%)]
7.5C - 8.4C 7.5C - 8.4C = 8,988
[8,988 (2.64% / 2.65%)] [153,021 / 195,488 (45.07%)]
8.5C - 9.4C 8.5C - 9.4C = 9,037
[9,037 (2.66% / 2.66%)] [162,058 / 186,500 (47.73%)]
9.5C - 10.4C 9.5C - 10.4C = 9,105
[9,105 (2.68% / 2.68%)] [171,163 / 177,463 (50.41%)]
10.5C - 11.4C 10.5C - 11.4C = 9,579
[9,579 (2.82% / 2.82%)] [180,742 / 168,358 (53.23%)]
11.5C - 12.4C 11.5C - 12.4C = 9,830
[9,830 (2.89% / 2.90%)] [190,572 / 158,779 (56.13%)]
12.5C - 13.4C 12.5C - 13.4C = 9,936
[9,936 (2.92% / 2.93%)] [200,508 / 148,949 (59.06%)]
13.5C - 14.4C 13.5C - 14.4C = 10,403
[10,403 (3.06% / 3.06%)] [210,911 / 139,013 (62.12%)]
14.5C - 15.4C 14.5C - 15.4C = 10,651
[10,651 (3.13% / 3.14%)] [221,562 / 128,610 (65.26%)]
15.5C - 16.4C 15.5C - 16.4C = 10,972
[10,972 (3.23% / 3.23%)] [232,534 / 117,959 (68.49%)]
16.5C - 17.4C 16.5C - 17.4C = 11,306
[11,306 (3.33% / 3.33%)] [243,840 / 106,987 (71.82%)]
17.5C - 18.4C 17.5C - 18.4C = 11,737
[11,737 (3.45% / 3.46%)] [255,577 / 95,681 (75.28%)]
18.5C - 19.4C 18.5C - 19.4C = 11,914
[11,914 (3.50% / 3.51%)] [267,491 / 83,944 (78.78%)]
19.5C - 20.4C 19.5C - 20.4C = 11,846
[11,846 (3.48% / 3.49%)] [279,337 / 72,030 (82.27%)]
20.5C - 21.4C 20.5C - 21.4C = 11,447
[11,447 (3.37% / 3.37%)] [290,784 / 60,184 (85.65%)]
21.5C - 22.4C 21.5C - 22.4C = 10,393
[10,393 (3.06% / 3.06%)] [301,177 / 48,737 (88.71%)]
22.5C - 23.4C 22.5C - 23.4C = 9,019
[9,019 (2.65% / 2.66%)] [310,196 / 38,344 (91.36%)]
23.5C - 24.4C 23.5C - 24.4C = 7,883
[7,883 (2.32% / 2.32%)] [318,079 / 29,325 (93.68%)]
24.5C - 25.4C 24.5C - 25.4C = 6,148
[6,148 (1.81% / 1.81%)] [324,227 / 21,442 (95.50%)]
25.5C - 26.4C 25.5C - 26.4C = 4,698
[4,698 (1.38% / 1.38%)] [328,925 / 15,294 (96.88%)]
26.5C - 27.4C 26.5C - 27.4C = 3,404
[3,404 (1.00% / 1.00%)] [332,329 / 10,596 (97.88%)]
27.5C - 28.4C 27.5C - 28.4C = 2,451
[2,451 (0.72% / 0.72%)] [334,780 / 7,192 (98.60%)]
28.5C - 29.4C 28.5C - 29.4C = 1,707
[1,707 (0.50% / 0.50%)] [336,487 / 4,741 (99.11%)]
29.5C - 30.4C 29.5C - 30.4C = 1,223
[1,223 (0.36% / 0.36%)] [337,710 / 3,034 (99.47%)]
30.5C - 31.4C 30.5C - 31.4C = 855
[855 (0.25% / 0.25%)] [338,565 / 1,811 (99.72%)]
31.5C - 32.4C 31.5C - 32.4C = 481
[481 (0.14% / 0.14%)] [339,046 / 956 (99.86%)]
32.5C - 33.4C 32.5C - 33.4C = 277
[277 (0.08% / 0.08%)] [339,323 / 475 (99.94%)]
33.5C - 34.4C 33.5C - 34.4C = 142
[142 (0.04% / 0.04%)] [339,465 / 198 (99.98%)]
34.5C - 35.4C 34.5C - 35.4C = 39
[39 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [339,504 / 56 (99.99%)]
35.5C - 36.4C 35.5C - 36.4C = 15
[15 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [339,519 / 17 (100.00%)]
36.5C - 37.4C 36.5C - 37.4C = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [339,521 / 2 (100.00%)]

Missing observations (423 / 0.12%)

Sunshine Duration

0.0h 0.0h = 247,846
[247,846 (72.91% / 73.00%)] [247,846 / 339,514 (73.00%)]
0.1h 0.1h = 10,153
[10,153 (2.99% / 2.99%)] [257,999 / 91,668 (75.99%)]
0.2h 0.2h = 7,177
[7,177 (2.11% / 2.11%)] [265,176 / 81,515 (78.10%)]
0.3h 0.3h = 6,007
[6,007 (1.77% / 1.77%)] [271,183 / 74,338 (79.87%)]
0.4h 0.4h = 5,323
[5,323 (1.57% / 1.57%)] [276,506 / 68,331 (81.44%)]
0.5h 0.5h = 4,974
[4,974 (1.46% / 1.47%)] [281,480 / 63,008 (82.91%)]
0.6h 0.6h = 4,693
[4,693 (1.38% / 1.38%)] [286,173 / 58,034 (84.29%)]
0.7h 0.7h = 4,785
[4,785 (1.41% / 1.41%)] [290,958 / 53,341 (85.70%)]
0.8h 0.8h = 5,106
[5,106 (1.50% / 1.50%)] [296,064 / 48,556 (87.20%)]
0.9h 0.9h = 6,437
[6,437 (1.89% / 1.90%)] [302,501 / 43,450 (89.10%)]
1.0h 1.0h = 37,013
[37,013 (10.89% / 10.90%)] [339,514 / 37,013 (100.00%)]

Missing observations (430 / 0.13%)

Snow Depth

0cm 0cm = 15,363
[15,363 (4.52% / 44.71%)] [15,363 / 34,362 (44.71%)]
1cm - 5cm 1cm - 5cm = 1,423
[1,423 (0.42% / 4.14%)] [16,786 / 18,999 (48.85%)]
6cm - 10cm 6cm - 10cm = 1,153
[1,153 (0.34% / 3.36%)] [17,939 / 17,576 (52.21%)]
11cm - 15cm 11cm - 15cm = 1,007
[1,007 (0.30% / 2.93%)] [18,946 / 16,423 (55.14%)]
16cm - 20cm 16cm - 20cm = 1,063
[1,063 (0.31% / 3.09%)] [20,009 / 15,416 (58.23%)]
21cm - 25cm 21cm - 25cm = 1,311
[1,311 (0.39% / 3.82%)] [21,320 / 14,353 (62.05%)]
26cm - 30cm 26cm - 30cm = 980
[980 (0.29% / 2.85%)] [22,300 / 13,042 (64.90%)]
31cm - 35cm 31cm - 35cm = 1,217
[1,217 (0.36% / 3.54%)] [23,517 / 12,062 (68.44%)]
36cm - 40cm 36cm - 40cm = 1,561
[1,561 (0.46% / 4.54%)] [25,078 / 10,845 (72.98%)]
41cm - 45cm 41cm - 45cm = 1,512
[1,512 (0.44% / 4.40%)] [26,590 / 9,284 (77.38%)]
46cm - 50cm 46cm - 50cm = 949
[949 (0.28% / 2.76%)] [27,539 / 7,772 (80.14%)]
51cm - 55cm 51cm - 55cm = 1,077
[1,077 (0.32% / 3.13%)] [28,616 / 6,823 (83.28%)]
56cm - 60cm 56cm - 60cm = 793
[793 (0.23% / 2.31%)] [29,409 / 5,746 (85.59%)]
61cm - 65cm 61cm - 65cm = 993
[993 (0.29% / 2.89%)] [30,402 / 4,953 (88.48%)]
66cm - 70cm 66cm - 70cm = 967
[967 (0.28% / 2.81%)] [31,369 / 3,960 (91.29%)]
71cm - 75cm 71cm - 75cm = 843
[843 (0.25% / 2.45%)] [32,212 / 2,993 (93.74%)]
76cm - 80cm 76cm - 80cm = 508
[508 (0.15% / 1.48%)] [32,720 / 2,150 (95.22%)]
81cm - 85cm 81cm - 85cm = 497
[497 (0.15% / 1.45%)] [33,217 / 1,642 (96.67%)]
86cm - 90cm 86cm - 90cm = 355
[355 (0.10% / 1.03%)] [33,572 / 1,145 (97.70%)]
91cm - 95cm 91cm - 95cm = 235
[235 (0.07% / 0.68%)] [33,807 / 790 (98.38%)]
96cm - 100cm 96cm - 100cm = 296
[296 (0.09% / 0.86%)] [34,103 / 555 (99.25%)]
101cm - 105cm 101cm - 105cm = 159
[159 (0.05% / 0.46%)] [34,262 / 259 (99.71%)]
106cm - 110cm 106cm - 110cm = 50
[50 (0.01% / 0.15%)] [34,312 / 100 (99.85%)]
111cm - 115cm 111cm - 115cm = 27
[27 (0.01% / 0.08%)] [34,339 / 50 (99.93%)]
116cm - 120cm 116cm - 120cm = 13
[13 (0.00% / 0.04%)] [34,352 / 23 (99.97%)]
121cm - 125cm 121cm - 125cm = 10
[10 (0.00% / 0.03%)] [34,362 / 10 (100.00%)]

Missing observations (305,582 / 89.89%)