観測所番号 44136
都道府県 東京都 [ 地域ポータル ]
所在地 東京都江戸川区臨海町 (東京都江戸川区)
観測月数 475
観測回数 346,992
観測期間
期間 名前 緯度 経度 高度 風速計高さ
1974年11月01日 〜 1976年12月12日 新木場 (シンキバ) 35.635N 139.838E 5m 0.0m
1976年12月13日 〜 1986年11月14日 新木場 (シンキバ) 35.635N 139.838E 5m 18.2m
1986年11月15日 〜 2000年12月11日 新木場 (シンキバ) 35.635N 139.838E 5m 18.2m
2000年12月12日 〜 2009年05月28日 新木場 (シンキバ) 35.635N 139.838E 5m 18.2m
2009年05月29日 〜 2009年09月28日 江戸川臨海 (エドガワリンカイ) 35.638N 139.863E 5m 5.0m
2009年09月29日 〜 2015年08月99日 江戸川臨海 (エドガワリンカイ) 35.638N 139.863E 5m 10.2m
リアルタイムデータ アメラス(アメダス・ランキング・サービス)
過去の大雨データ アメダス集中豪雨
気象災害報告
台風接近履歴
近隣観測所
番号 名前 距離 方位
44131 東京(東京都) 10.97km 301度
44900 東京(東京都) 10.97km 301度
44132 東京(東京都) 11.86km 300度
44166 羽田(東京都) 12.06km 218度
45101 船橋(千葉県) 15.58km 49度
45106 船橋(千葉県) 18.25km 63度
44076 練馬(東京都) 20.67km 301度
46061 日吉(神奈川県) 21.53km 243度
44126 世田谷(東京都) 22.04km 266度
45212 千葉(千葉県) 22.11km 100度
45905 千葉(千葉県) 22.11km 100度
45211 千葉(千葉県) 23.50km 101度
44071 練馬(東京都) 26.92km 294度
43256 越谷(埼玉県) 28.82km 340度
46106 横浜(神奈川県) 29.30km 220度
46900 横浜(神奈川県) 29.30km 220度
45281 木更津(千葉県) 29.56km 170度

全期間統計

降水量

0.0mm - 0.4mm 0.0mm - 0.4mm = 324,082
[324,082 (93.40% / 93.71%)] [324,082 / 345,822 (93.71%)]
0.5mm - 1.4mm 0.5mm - 1.4mm = 11,555
[11,555 (3.33% / 3.34%)] [335,637 / 21,740 (97.05%)]
1.5mm - 2.4mm 1.5mm - 2.4mm = 4,192
[4,192 (1.21% / 1.21%)] [339,829 / 10,185 (98.27%)]
2.5mm - 3.4mm 2.5mm - 3.4mm = 2,068
[2,068 (0.60% / 0.60%)] [341,897 / 5,993 (98.87%)]
3.5mm - 4.4mm 3.5mm - 4.4mm = 1,232
[1,232 (0.36% / 0.36%)] [343,129 / 3,925 (99.22%)]
4.5mm - 5.4mm 4.5mm - 5.4mm = 729
[729 (0.21% / 0.21%)] [343,858 / 2,693 (99.43%)]
5.5mm - 6.4mm 5.5mm - 6.4mm = 518
[518 (0.15% / 0.15%)] [344,376 / 1,964 (99.58%)]
6.5mm - 7.4mm 6.5mm - 7.4mm = 342
[342 (0.10% / 0.10%)] [344,718 / 1,446 (99.68%)]
7.5mm - 8.4mm 7.5mm - 8.4mm = 237
[237 (0.07% / 0.07%)] [344,955 / 1,104 (99.75%)]
8.5mm - 9.4mm 8.5mm - 9.4mm = 178
[178 (0.05% / 0.05%)] [345,133 / 867 (99.80%)]
9.5mm - 10.4mm 9.5mm - 10.4mm = 121
[121 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [345,254 / 689 (99.84%)]
10.5mm - 11.4mm 10.5mm - 11.4mm = 122
[122 (0.04% / 0.04%)] [345,376 / 568 (99.87%)]
11.5mm - 12.4mm 11.5mm - 12.4mm = 87
[87 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [345,463 / 446 (99.90%)]
12.5mm - 13.4mm 12.5mm - 13.4mm = 50
[50 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [345,513 / 359 (99.91%)]
13.5mm - 14.4mm 13.5mm - 14.4mm = 40
[40 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [345,553 / 309 (99.92%)]
14.5mm - 15.4mm 14.5mm - 15.4mm = 36
[36 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [345,589 / 269 (99.93%)]
15.5mm - 16.4mm 15.5mm - 16.4mm = 30
[30 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [345,619 / 233 (99.94%)]
16.5mm - 17.4mm 16.5mm - 17.4mm = 34
[34 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [345,653 / 203 (99.95%)]
17.5mm - 18.4mm 17.5mm - 18.4mm = 17
[17 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,670 / 169 (99.96%)]
18.5mm - 19.4mm 18.5mm - 19.4mm = 17
[17 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,687 / 152 (99.96%)]
19.5mm - 20.4mm 19.5mm - 20.4mm = 17
[17 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,704 / 135 (99.97%)]
20.5mm - 21.4mm 20.5mm - 21.4mm = 14
[14 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,718 / 118 (99.97%)]
21.5mm - 22.4mm 21.5mm - 22.4mm = 17
[17 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,735 / 104 (99.97%)]
22.5mm - 23.4mm 22.5mm - 23.4mm = 8
[8 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,743 / 87 (99.98%)]
23.5mm - 24.4mm 23.5mm - 24.4mm = 13
[13 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,756 / 79 (99.98%)]
24.5mm - 25.4mm 24.5mm - 25.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,761 / 66 (99.98%)]
25.5mm - 26.4mm 25.5mm - 26.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,766 / 61 (99.98%)]
26.5mm - 27.4mm 26.5mm - 27.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,772 / 56 (99.99%)]
27.5mm - 28.4mm 27.5mm - 28.4mm = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,776 / 50 (99.99%)]
28.5mm - 29.4mm 28.5mm - 29.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,782 / 46 (99.99%)]
29.5mm - 30.4mm 29.5mm - 30.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,787 / 40 (99.99%)]
30.5mm - 31.4mm 30.5mm - 31.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,790 / 35 (99.99%)]
31.5mm - 32.4mm 31.5mm - 32.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,792 / 32 (99.99%)]
32.5mm - 33.4mm 32.5mm - 33.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,794 / 30 (99.99%)]
33.5mm - 34.4mm 33.5mm - 34.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,799 / 28 (99.99%)]
34.5mm - 35.4mm 34.5mm - 35.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,802 / 23 (99.99%)]
35.5mm - 36.4mm 35.5mm - 36.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,804 / 20 (99.99%)]
37.5mm - 38.4mm 37.5mm - 38.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,807 / 18 (100.00%)]
38.5mm - 39.4mm 38.5mm - 39.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,809 / 15 (100.00%)]
39.5mm - 40.4mm 39.5mm - 40.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,810 / 13 (100.00%)]
40.5mm - 41.4mm 40.5mm - 41.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,811 / 12 (100.00%)]
42.5mm - 43.4mm 42.5mm - 43.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,813 / 11 (100.00%)]
43.5mm - 44.4mm 43.5mm - 44.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,814 / 9 (100.00%)]
44.5mm - 45.4mm 44.5mm - 45.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,815 / 8 (100.00%)]
47.5mm - 48.4mm 47.5mm - 48.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,817 / 7 (100.00%)]
50.5mm - 51.4mm 50.5mm - 51.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,818 / 5 (100.00%)]
53.5mm - 54.4mm 53.5mm - 54.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,820 / 4 (100.00%)]
54.5mm - 55.4mm 54.5mm - 55.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,821 / 2 (100.00%)]
84.5mm - 85.4mm 84.5mm - 85.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [345,822 / 1 (100.00%)]

欠測回数 (1,170 / 0.34%)

風向

静穏 静穏 = 3,994
[3,994 (1.15% / 1.18%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
北北東 北北東 = 37,549
[37,549 (10.82% / 11.13%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
北東 北東 = 26,129
[26,129 (7.53% / 7.75%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
東北東 東北東 = 19,102
[19,102 (5.51% / 5.66%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
東 = 14,218
[14,218 (4.10% / 4.22%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
東南東 東南東 = 13,702
[13,702 (3.95% / 4.06%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
南東 南東 = 18,867
[18,867 (5.44% / 5.59%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
南南東 南南東 = 17,787
[17,787 (5.13% / 5.27%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
南 = 30,072
[30,072 (8.67% / 8.92%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
南南西 南南西 = 30,931
[30,931 (8.91% / 9.17%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
南西 南西 = 8,851
[8,851 (2.55% / 2.62%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
西南西 西南西 = 4,527
[4,527 (1.30% / 1.34%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
西 西 = 3,035
[3,035 (0.87% / 0.90%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
西北西 西北西 = 3,353
[3,353 (0.97% / 0.99%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
北西 北西 = 15,403
[15,403 (4.44% / 4.57%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
北北西 北北西 = 46,128
[46,128 (13.29% / 13.68%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
北 = 43,649
[43,649 (12.58% / 12.94%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]

欠測回数 (9,695 / 2.79%)

風速

0.0m/s - 0.4m/s 0.0m/s - 0.4m/s = 4,270
[4,270 (1.23% / 1.27%)] [4,270 / 337,306 (1.27%)]
0.5m/s - 1.4m/s 0.5m/s - 1.4m/s = 23,232
[23,232 (6.70% / 6.89%)] [27,502 / 333,036 (8.15%)]
1.5m/s - 2.4m/s 1.5m/s - 2.4m/s = 59,159
[59,159 (17.05% / 17.54%)] [86,661 / 309,804 (25.69%)]
2.5m/s - 3.4m/s 2.5m/s - 3.4m/s = 73,413
[73,413 (21.16% / 21.76%)] [160,074 / 250,645 (47.46%)]
3.5m/s - 4.4m/s 3.5m/s - 4.4m/s = 61,479
[61,479 (17.72% / 18.23%)] [221,553 / 177,232 (65.68%)]
4.5m/s - 5.4m/s 4.5m/s - 5.4m/s = 43,290
[43,290 (12.48% / 12.83%)] [264,843 / 115,753 (78.52%)]
5.5m/s - 6.4m/s 5.5m/s - 6.4m/s = 28,971
[28,971 (8.35% / 8.59%)] [293,814 / 72,463 (87.11%)]
6.5m/s - 7.4m/s 6.5m/s - 7.4m/s = 18,885
[18,885 (5.44% / 5.60%)] [312,699 / 43,492 (92.70%)]
7.5m/s - 8.4m/s 7.5m/s - 8.4m/s = 11,013
[11,013 (3.17% / 3.26%)] [323,712 / 24,607 (95.97%)]
8.5m/s - 9.4m/s 8.5m/s - 9.4m/s = 6,159
[6,159 (1.77% / 1.83%)] [329,871 / 13,594 (97.80%)]
9.5m/s - 10.4m/s 9.5m/s - 10.4m/s = 3,412
[3,412 (0.98% / 1.01%)] [333,283 / 7,435 (98.81%)]
10.5m/s - 11.4m/s 10.5m/s - 11.4m/s = 1,834
[1,834 (0.53% / 0.54%)] [335,117 / 4,023 (99.35%)]
11.5m/s - 12.4m/s 11.5m/s - 12.4m/s = 977
[977 (0.28% / 0.29%)] [336,094 / 2,189 (99.64%)]
12.5m/s - 13.4m/s 12.5m/s - 13.4m/s = 541
[541 (0.16% / 0.16%)] [336,635 / 1,212 (99.80%)]
13.5m/s - 14.4m/s 13.5m/s - 14.4m/s = 267
[267 (0.08% / 0.08%)] [336,902 / 671 (99.88%)]
14.5m/s - 15.4m/s 14.5m/s - 15.4m/s = 150
[150 (0.04% / 0.04%)] [337,052 / 404 (99.92%)]
15.5m/s - 16.4m/s 15.5m/s - 16.4m/s = 86
[86 (0.02% / 0.03%)] [337,138 / 254 (99.95%)]
16.5m/s - 17.4m/s 16.5m/s - 17.4m/s = 53
[53 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [337,191 / 168 (99.97%)]
17.5m/s - 18.4m/s 17.5m/s - 18.4m/s = 53
[53 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [337,244 / 115 (99.98%)]
18.5m/s - 19.4m/s 18.5m/s - 19.4m/s = 13
[13 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,257 / 62 (99.99%)]
19.5m/s - 20.4m/s 19.5m/s - 20.4m/s = 14
[14 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,271 / 49 (99.99%)]
20.5m/s - 21.4m/s 20.5m/s - 21.4m/s = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,277 / 35 (99.99%)]
21.5m/s - 22.4m/s 21.5m/s - 22.4m/s = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,283 / 29 (99.99%)]
22.5m/s - 23.4m/s 22.5m/s - 23.4m/s = 10
[10 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,293 / 23 (100.00%)]
23.5m/s - 24.4m/s 23.5m/s - 24.4m/s = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,298 / 13 (100.00%)]
24.5m/s - 25.4m/s 24.5m/s - 25.4m/s = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,303 / 8 (100.00%)]
26.5m/s - 27.4m/s 26.5m/s - 27.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,304 / 3 (100.00%)]
27.5m/s - 28.4m/s 27.5m/s - 28.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,305 / 2 (100.00%)]
28.5m/s - 29.4m/s 28.5m/s - 29.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,306 / 1 (100.00%)]

欠測回数 (9,686 / 2.79%)

気温

-3.5℃ - -2.6℃ -3.5℃ - -2.6℃ = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [5 / 334,793 (0.00%)]
-2.5℃ - -1.6℃ -2.5℃ - -1.6℃ = 42
[42 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [47 / 334,788 (0.01%)]
-1.5℃ - -0.6℃ -1.5℃ - -0.6℃ = 170
[170 (0.05% / 0.05%)] [217 / 334,746 (0.06%)]
-0.5℃ - 0.4℃ -0.5℃ - 0.4℃ = 2,073
[2,073 (0.60% / 0.62%)] [2,290 / 334,576 (0.68%)]
0.5℃ - 1.4℃ 0.5℃ - 1.4℃ = 3,345
[3,345 (0.96% / 1.00%)] [5,635 / 332,503 (1.68%)]
1.5℃ - 2.4℃ 1.5℃ - 2.4℃ = 5,329
[5,329 (1.54% / 1.59%)] [10,964 / 329,158 (3.27%)]
2.5℃ - 3.4℃ 2.5℃ - 3.4℃ = 7,615
[7,615 (2.19% / 2.27%)] [18,579 / 323,829 (5.55%)]
3.5℃ - 4.4℃ 3.5℃ - 4.4℃ = 9,885
[9,885 (2.85% / 2.95%)] [28,464 / 316,214 (8.50%)]
4.5℃ - 5.4℃ 4.5℃ - 5.4℃ = 11,524
[11,524 (3.32% / 3.44%)] [39,988 / 306,329 (11.94%)]
5.5℃ - 6.4℃ 5.5℃ - 6.4℃ = 12,645
[12,645 (3.64% / 3.78%)] [52,633 / 294,805 (15.72%)]
6.5℃ - 7.4℃ 6.5℃ - 7.4℃ = 13,375
[13,375 (3.85% / 4.00%)] [66,008 / 282,160 (19.72%)]
7.5℃ - 8.4℃ 7.5℃ - 8.4℃ = 13,602
[13,602 (3.92% / 4.06%)] [79,610 / 268,785 (23.78%)]
8.5℃ - 9.4℃ 8.5℃ - 9.4℃ = 13,229
[13,229 (3.81% / 3.95%)] [92,839 / 255,183 (27.73%)]
9.5℃ - 10.4℃ 9.5℃ - 10.4℃ = 12,415
[12,415 (3.58% / 3.71%)] [105,254 / 241,954 (31.44%)]
10.5℃ - 11.4℃ 10.5℃ - 11.4℃ = 11,973
[11,973 (3.45% / 3.58%)] [117,227 / 229,539 (35.01%)]
11.5℃ - 12.4℃ 11.5℃ - 12.4℃ = 11,337
[11,337 (3.27% / 3.39%)] [128,564 / 217,566 (38.40%)]
12.5℃ - 13.4℃ 12.5℃ - 13.4℃ = 11,182
[11,182 (3.22% / 3.34%)] [139,746 / 206,229 (41.74%)]
13.5℃ - 14.4℃ 13.5℃ - 14.4℃ = 11,461
[11,461 (3.30% / 3.42%)] [151,207 / 195,047 (45.16%)]
14.5℃ - 15.4℃ 14.5℃ - 15.4℃ = 11,958
[11,958 (3.45% / 3.57%)] [163,165 / 183,586 (48.74%)]
15.5℃ - 16.4℃ 15.5℃ - 16.4℃ = 12,714
[12,714 (3.66% / 3.80%)] [175,879 / 171,628 (52.53%)]
16.5℃ - 17.4℃ 16.5℃ - 17.4℃ = 13,545
[13,545 (3.90% / 4.05%)] [189,424 / 158,914 (56.58%)]
17.5℃ - 18.4℃ 17.5℃ - 18.4℃ = 14,153
[14,153 (4.08% / 4.23%)] [203,577 / 145,369 (60.81%)]
18.5℃ - 19.4℃ 18.5℃ - 19.4℃ = 14,338
[14,338 (4.13% / 4.28%)] [217,915 / 131,216 (65.09%)]
19.5℃ - 20.4℃ 19.5℃ - 20.4℃ = 14,686
[14,686 (4.23% / 4.39%)] [232,601 / 116,878 (69.48%)]
20.5℃ - 21.4℃ 20.5℃ - 21.4℃ = 14,286
[14,286 (4.12% / 4.27%)] [246,887 / 102,192 (73.74%)]
21.5℃ - 22.4℃ 21.5℃ - 22.4℃ = 12,931
[12,931 (3.73% / 3.86%)] [259,818 / 87,906 (77.61%)]
22.5℃ - 23.4℃ 22.5℃ - 23.4℃ = 11,949
[11,949 (3.44% / 3.57%)] [271,767 / 74,975 (81.17%)]
23.5℃ - 24.4℃ 23.5℃ - 24.4℃ = 11,890
[11,890 (3.43% / 3.55%)] [283,657 / 63,026 (84.73%)]
24.5℃ - 25.4℃ 24.5℃ - 25.4℃ = 11,730
[11,730 (3.38% / 3.50%)] [295,387 / 51,136 (88.23%)]
25.5℃ - 26.4℃ 25.5℃ - 26.4℃ = 11,590
[11,590 (3.34% / 3.46%)] [306,977 / 39,406 (91.69%)]
26.5℃ - 27.4℃ 26.5℃ - 27.4℃ = 9,407
[9,407 (2.71% / 2.81%)] [316,384 / 27,816 (94.50%)]
27.5℃ - 28.4℃ 27.5℃ - 28.4℃ = 7,037
[7,037 (2.03% / 2.10%)] [323,421 / 18,409 (96.60%)]
28.5℃ - 29.4℃ 28.5℃ - 29.4℃ = 4,865
[4,865 (1.40% / 1.45%)] [328,286 / 11,372 (98.06%)]
29.5℃ - 30.4℃ 29.5℃ - 30.4℃ = 3,370
[3,370 (0.97% / 1.01%)] [331,656 / 6,507 (99.06%)]
30.5℃ - 31.4℃ 30.5℃ - 31.4℃ = 1,845
[1,845 (0.53% / 0.55%)] [333,501 / 3,137 (99.61%)]
31.5℃ - 32.4℃ 31.5℃ - 32.4℃ = 791
[791 (0.23% / 0.24%)] [334,292 / 1,292 (99.85%)]
32.5℃ - 33.4℃ 32.5℃ - 33.4℃ = 327
[327 (0.09% / 0.10%)] [334,619 / 501 (99.95%)]
33.5℃ - 34.4℃ 33.5℃ - 34.4℃ = 106
[106 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [334,725 / 174 (99.98%)]
34.5℃ - 35.4℃ 34.5℃ - 35.4℃ = 41
[41 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [334,766 / 68 (99.99%)]
35.5℃ - 36.4℃ 35.5℃ - 36.4℃ = 19
[19 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [334,785 / 27 (100.00%)]
36.5℃ - 37.4℃ 36.5℃ - 37.4℃ = 8
[8 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [334,793 / 8 (100.00%)]

欠測回数 (12,199 / 3.52%)

日照時間

0.0h 0.0h = 181,869
[181,869 (52.41% / 69.44%)] [181,869 / 261,902 (69.44%)]
0.1h 0.1h = 5,340
[5,340 (1.54% / 2.04%)] [187,209 / 80,033 (71.48%)]
0.2h 0.2h = 4,059
[4,059 (1.17% / 1.55%)] [191,268 / 74,693 (73.03%)]
0.3h 0.3h = 3,691
[3,691 (1.06% / 1.41%)] [194,959 / 70,634 (74.44%)]
0.4h 0.4h = 3,297
[3,297 (0.95% / 1.26%)] [198,256 / 66,943 (75.70%)]
0.5h 0.5h = 3,257
[3,257 (0.94% / 1.24%)] [201,513 / 63,646 (76.94%)]
0.6h 0.6h = 3,254
[3,254 (0.94% / 1.24%)] [204,767 / 60,389 (78.18%)]
0.7h 0.7h = 3,538
[3,538 (1.02% / 1.35%)] [208,305 / 57,135 (79.54%)]
0.8h 0.8h = 4,028
[4,028 (1.16% / 1.54%)] [212,333 / 53,597 (81.07%)]
0.9h 0.9h = 4,964
[4,964 (1.43% / 1.90%)] [217,297 / 49,569 (82.97%)]
1.0h 1.0h = 44,605
[44,605 (12.85% / 17.03%)] [261,902 / 44,605 (100.00%)]

欠測回数 (85,090 / 24.52%)