観測所番号 86236
都道府県 熊本県 [ 地域ポータル ]
所在地 熊本県上益城郡甲佐町大字豊内 (熊本県上益城郡甲佐町)
観測月数 476
観測回数 347,712
観測期間
期間 名前 緯度 経度 高度 風速計高さ
1974年11月01日 〜 1977年02月15日 甲佐 (コウサ) 32.645N 130.810E 36m 0.0m
1977年02月16日 〜 1986年11月17日 甲佐 (コウサ) 32.645N 130.810E 36m 6.4m
1986年11月18日 〜 2005年11月17日 甲佐 (コウサ) 32.645N 130.810E 36m 6.4m
2005年11月18日 〜 2015年03月19日 甲佐 (コウサ) 32.645N 130.810E 36m 6.6m
2015年03月20日 〜 2015年08月99日 甲佐 (コウサ) 32.645N 130.810E 36m 10.3m
リアルタイムデータ アメラス(アメダス・ランキング・サービス)
過去の大雨データ アメダス集中豪雨
気象災害報告
台風接近履歴
近隣観測所
番号 名前 距離 方位
86296 大金峰(熊本県) 12.74km 135度
86196 間の谷山(熊本県) 14.00km 60度
86181 宇土(熊本県) 15.59km 293度
86197 山都(熊本県) 15.74km 61度
86356 五家荘(熊本県) 19.37km 152度
86141 熊本(熊本県) 20.98km 332度
86146 益城(熊本県) 21.71km 11度
86351 五木(熊本県) 22.91km 169度
86336 八代(熊本県) 26.97km 225度
86151 俵山(熊本県) 27.60km 34度
86411 五木(熊本県) 27.77km 176度
86157 南阿蘇(熊本県) 28.14km 42度

全期間統計

降水量

0.0mm - 0.4mm 0.0mm - 0.4mm = 320,037
[320,037 (92.04% / 92.17%)] [320,037 / 347,207 (92.17%)]
0.5mm - 1.4mm 0.5mm - 1.4mm = 13,272
[13,272 (3.82% / 3.82%)] [333,309 / 27,170 (96.00%)]
1.5mm - 2.4mm 1.5mm - 2.4mm = 4,835
[4,835 (1.39% / 1.39%)] [338,144 / 13,898 (97.39%)]
2.5mm - 3.4mm 2.5mm - 3.4mm = 2,640
[2,640 (0.76% / 0.76%)] [340,784 / 9,063 (98.15%)]
3.5mm - 4.4mm 3.5mm - 4.4mm = 1,666
[1,666 (0.48% / 0.48%)] [342,450 / 6,423 (98.63%)]
4.5mm - 5.4mm 4.5mm - 5.4mm = 1,120
[1,120 (0.32% / 0.32%)] [343,570 / 4,757 (98.95%)]
5.5mm - 6.4mm 5.5mm - 6.4mm = 754
[754 (0.22% / 0.22%)] [344,324 / 3,637 (99.17%)]
6.5mm - 7.4mm 6.5mm - 7.4mm = 514
[514 (0.15% / 0.15%)] [344,838 / 2,883 (99.32%)]
7.5mm - 8.4mm 7.5mm - 8.4mm = 375
[375 (0.11% / 0.11%)] [345,213 / 2,369 (99.43%)]
8.5mm - 9.4mm 8.5mm - 9.4mm = 304
[304 (0.09% / 0.09%)] [345,517 / 1,994 (99.51%)]
9.5mm - 10.4mm 9.5mm - 10.4mm = 264
[264 (0.08% / 0.08%)] [345,781 / 1,690 (99.59%)]
10.5mm - 11.4mm 10.5mm - 11.4mm = 203
[203 (0.06% / 0.06%)] [345,984 / 1,426 (99.65%)]
11.5mm - 12.4mm 11.5mm - 12.4mm = 192
[192 (0.06% / 0.06%)] [346,176 / 1,223 (99.70%)]
12.5mm - 13.4mm 12.5mm - 13.4mm = 167
[167 (0.05% / 0.05%)] [346,343 / 1,031 (99.75%)]
13.5mm - 14.4mm 13.5mm - 14.4mm = 115
[115 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [346,458 / 864 (99.78%)]
14.5mm - 15.4mm 14.5mm - 15.4mm = 97
[97 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [346,555 / 749 (99.81%)]
15.5mm - 16.4mm 15.5mm - 16.4mm = 74
[74 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [346,629 / 652 (99.83%)]
16.5mm - 17.4mm 16.5mm - 17.4mm = 87
[87 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [346,716 / 578 (99.86%)]
17.5mm - 18.4mm 17.5mm - 18.4mm = 49
[49 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [346,765 / 491 (99.87%)]
18.5mm - 19.4mm 18.5mm - 19.4mm = 64
[64 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [346,829 / 442 (99.89%)]
19.5mm - 20.4mm 19.5mm - 20.4mm = 43
[43 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [346,872 / 378 (99.90%)]
20.5mm - 21.4mm 20.5mm - 21.4mm = 39
[39 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [346,911 / 335 (99.91%)]
21.5mm - 22.4mm 21.5mm - 22.4mm = 34
[34 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [346,945 / 296 (99.92%)]
22.5mm - 23.4mm 22.5mm - 23.4mm = 24
[24 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [346,969 / 262 (99.93%)]
23.5mm - 24.4mm 23.5mm - 24.4mm = 25
[25 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [346,994 / 238 (99.94%)]
24.5mm - 25.4mm 24.5mm - 25.4mm = 27
[27 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [347,021 / 213 (99.95%)]
25.5mm - 26.4mm 25.5mm - 26.4mm = 22
[22 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [347,043 / 186 (99.95%)]
26.5mm - 27.4mm 26.5mm - 27.4mm = 14
[14 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,057 / 164 (99.96%)]
27.5mm - 28.4mm 27.5mm - 28.4mm = 14
[14 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,071 / 150 (99.96%)]
28.5mm - 29.4mm 28.5mm - 29.4mm = 10
[10 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,081 / 136 (99.96%)]
29.5mm - 30.4mm 29.5mm - 30.4mm = 12
[12 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,093 / 126 (99.97%)]
30.5mm - 31.4mm 30.5mm - 31.4mm = 9
[9 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,102 / 114 (99.97%)]
31.5mm - 32.4mm 31.5mm - 32.4mm = 13
[13 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,115 / 105 (99.97%)]
32.5mm - 33.4mm 32.5mm - 33.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,120 / 92 (99.97%)]
33.5mm - 34.4mm 33.5mm - 34.4mm = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,124 / 87 (99.98%)]
34.5mm - 35.4mm 34.5mm - 35.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,130 / 83 (99.98%)]
35.5mm - 36.4mm 35.5mm - 36.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,136 / 77 (99.98%)]
36.5mm - 37.4mm 36.5mm - 37.4mm = 11
[11 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,147 / 71 (99.98%)]
37.5mm - 38.4mm 37.5mm - 38.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,152 / 60 (99.98%)]
38.5mm - 39.4mm 38.5mm - 39.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,158 / 55 (99.99%)]
39.5mm - 40.4mm 39.5mm - 40.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,163 / 49 (99.99%)]
40.5mm - 41.4mm 40.5mm - 41.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,166 / 44 (99.99%)]
41.5mm - 42.4mm 41.5mm - 42.4mm = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,170 / 41 (99.99%)]
42.5mm - 43.4mm 42.5mm - 43.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,175 / 37 (99.99%)]
43.5mm - 44.4mm 43.5mm - 44.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,177 / 32 (99.99%)]
44.5mm - 45.4mm 44.5mm - 45.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,180 / 30 (99.99%)]
45.5mm - 46.4mm 45.5mm - 46.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,181 / 27 (99.99%)]
46.5mm - 47.4mm 46.5mm - 47.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,184 / 26 (99.99%)]
47.5mm - 48.4mm 47.5mm - 48.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,190 / 23 (100.00%)]
49.5mm - 50.4mm 49.5mm - 50.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,191 / 17 (100.00%)]
50.5mm - 51.4mm 50.5mm - 51.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,194 / 16 (100.00%)]
51.5mm - 52.4mm 51.5mm - 52.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,196 / 13 (100.00%)]
53.5mm - 54.4mm 53.5mm - 54.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,197 / 11 (100.00%)]
54.5mm - 55.4mm 54.5mm - 55.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,198 / 10 (100.00%)]
60.5mm - 61.4mm 60.5mm - 61.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,200 / 9 (100.00%)]
61.5mm - 62.4mm 61.5mm - 62.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,201 / 7 (100.00%)]
63.5mm - 64.4mm 63.5mm - 64.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,202 / 6 (100.00%)]
67.5mm - 68.4mm 67.5mm - 68.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,203 / 5 (100.00%)]
68.5mm - 69.4mm 68.5mm - 69.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,204 / 4 (100.00%)]
76.5mm - 77.4mm 76.5mm - 77.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,206 / 3 (100.00%)]
84.5mm - 85.4mm 84.5mm - 85.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [347,207 / 1 (100.00%)]

欠測回数 (505 / 0.15%)

風向

静穏 静穏 = 56,358
[56,358 (16.21% / 16.73%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
北北東 北北東 = 4,892
[4,892 (1.41% / 1.45%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
北東 北東 = 2,406
[2,406 (0.69% / 0.71%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
東北東 東北東 = 2,637
[2,637 (0.76% / 0.78%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
東 = 4,393
[4,393 (1.26% / 1.30%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
東南東 東南東 = 11,200
[11,200 (3.22% / 3.32%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
南東 南東 = 37,792
[37,792 (10.87% / 11.22%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
南南東 南南東 = 68,468
[68,468 (19.69% / 20.32%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
南 = 18,854
[18,854 (5.42% / 5.60%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
南南西 南南西 = 7,393
[7,393 (2.13% / 2.19%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
南西 南西 = 8,739
[8,739 (2.51% / 2.59%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
西南西 西南西 = 12,585
[12,585 (3.62% / 3.74%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
西 西 = 19,063
[19,063 (5.48% / 5.66%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
西北西 西北西 = 22,737
[22,737 (6.54% / 6.75%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
北西 北西 = 22,905
[22,905 (6.59% / 6.80%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
北北西 北北西 = 23,366
[23,366 (6.72% / 6.94%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]
北 = 13,115
[13,115 (3.77% / 3.89%)] [0 / 0 (NA)]

欠測回数 (10,809 / 3.11%)

風速

0.0m/s - 0.4m/s 0.0m/s - 0.4m/s = 61,635
[61,635 (17.73% / 18.28%)] [61,635 / 337,108 (18.28%)]
0.5m/s - 1.4m/s 0.5m/s - 1.4m/s = 139,306
[139,306 (40.06% / 41.32%)] [200,941 / 275,473 (59.61%)]
1.5m/s - 2.4m/s 1.5m/s - 2.4m/s = 97,890
[97,890 (28.15% / 29.04%)] [298,831 / 136,167 (88.65%)]
2.5m/s - 3.4m/s 2.5m/s - 3.4m/s = 30,227
[30,227 (8.69% / 8.97%)] [329,058 / 38,277 (97.61%)]
3.5m/s - 4.4m/s 3.5m/s - 4.4m/s = 6,169
[6,169 (1.77% / 1.83%)] [335,227 / 8,050 (99.44%)]
4.5m/s - 5.4m/s 4.5m/s - 5.4m/s = 1,370
[1,370 (0.39% / 0.41%)] [336,597 / 1,881 (99.85%)]
5.5m/s - 6.4m/s 5.5m/s - 6.4m/s = 338
[338 (0.10% / 0.10%)] [336,935 / 511 (99.95%)]
6.5m/s - 7.4m/s 6.5m/s - 7.4m/s = 102
[102 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [337,037 / 173 (99.98%)]
7.5m/s - 8.4m/s 7.5m/s - 8.4m/s = 32
[32 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [337,069 / 71 (99.99%)]
8.5m/s - 9.4m/s 8.5m/s - 9.4m/s = 16
[16 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,085 / 39 (99.99%)]
9.5m/s - 10.4m/s 9.5m/s - 10.4m/s = 8
[8 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,093 / 23 (100.00%)]
10.5m/s - 11.4m/s 10.5m/s - 11.4m/s = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,097 / 15 (100.00%)]
11.5m/s - 12.4m/s 11.5m/s - 12.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,098 / 11 (100.00%)]
12.5m/s - 13.4m/s 12.5m/s - 13.4m/s = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,104 / 10 (100.00%)]
13.5m/s - 14.4m/s 13.5m/s - 14.4m/s = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,106 / 4 (100.00%)]
14.5m/s - 15.4m/s 14.5m/s - 15.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,107 / 2 (100.00%)]
17.5m/s - 18.4m/s 17.5m/s - 18.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,108 / 1 (100.00%)]

欠測回数 (10,604 / 3.05%)

気温

-6.5℃ - -5.6℃ -6.5℃ - -5.6℃ = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [4 / 336,856 (0.00%)]
-5.5℃ - -4.6℃ -5.5℃ - -4.6℃ = 20
[20 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [24 / 336,852 (0.01%)]
-4.5℃ - -3.6℃ -4.5℃ - -3.6℃ = 82
[82 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [106 / 336,832 (0.03%)]
-3.5℃ - -2.6℃ -3.5℃ - -2.6℃ = 258
[258 (0.07% / 0.08%)] [364 / 336,750 (0.11%)]
-2.5℃ - -1.6℃ -2.5℃ - -1.6℃ = 702
[702 (0.20% / 0.21%)] [1,066 / 336,492 (0.32%)]
-1.5℃ - -0.6℃ -1.5℃ - -0.6℃ = 1,636
[1,636 (0.47% / 0.49%)] [2,702 / 335,790 (0.80%)]
-0.5℃ - 0.4℃ -0.5℃ - 0.4℃ = 7,104
[7,104 (2.04% / 2.11%)] [9,806 / 334,154 (2.91%)]
0.5℃ - 1.4℃ 0.5℃ - 1.4℃ = 5,588
[5,588 (1.61% / 1.66%)] [15,394 / 327,050 (4.57%)]
1.5℃ - 2.4℃ 1.5℃ - 2.4℃ = 6,591
[6,591 (1.90% / 1.96%)] [21,985 / 321,462 (6.53%)]
2.5℃ - 3.4℃ 2.5℃ - 3.4℃ = 7,403
[7,403 (2.13% / 2.20%)] [29,388 / 314,871 (8.72%)]
3.5℃ - 4.4℃ 3.5℃ - 4.4℃ = 8,120
[8,120 (2.34% / 2.41%)] [37,508 / 307,468 (11.13%)]
4.5℃ - 5.4℃ 4.5℃ - 5.4℃ = 9,018
[9,018 (2.59% / 2.68%)] [46,526 / 299,348 (13.81%)]
5.5℃ - 6.4℃ 5.5℃ - 6.4℃ = 9,805
[9,805 (2.82% / 2.91%)] [56,331 / 290,330 (16.72%)]
6.5℃ - 7.4℃ 6.5℃ - 7.4℃ = 10,471
[10,471 (3.01% / 3.11%)] [66,802 / 280,525 (19.83%)]
7.5℃ - 8.4℃ 7.5℃ - 8.4℃ = 10,826
[10,826 (3.11% / 3.21%)] [77,628 / 270,054 (23.04%)]
8.5℃ - 9.4℃ 8.5℃ - 9.4℃ = 11,139
[11,139 (3.20% / 3.31%)] [88,767 / 259,228 (26.35%)]
9.5℃ - 10.4℃ 9.5℃ - 10.4℃ = 11,285
[11,285 (3.25% / 3.35%)] [100,052 / 248,089 (29.70%)]
10.5℃ - 11.4℃ 10.5℃ - 11.4℃ = 11,447
[11,447 (3.29% / 3.40%)] [111,499 / 236,804 (33.10%)]
11.5℃ - 12.4℃ 11.5℃ - 12.4℃ = 11,293
[11,293 (3.25% / 3.35%)] [122,792 / 225,357 (36.45%)]
12.5℃ - 13.4℃ 12.5℃ - 13.4℃ = 11,056
[11,056 (3.18% / 3.28%)] [133,848 / 214,064 (39.73%)]
13.5℃ - 14.4℃ 13.5℃ - 14.4℃ = 10,771
[10,771 (3.10% / 3.20%)] [144,619 / 203,008 (42.93%)]
14.5℃ - 15.4℃ 14.5℃ - 15.4℃ = 11,036
[11,036 (3.17% / 3.28%)] [155,655 / 192,237 (46.21%)]
15.5℃ - 16.4℃ 15.5℃ - 16.4℃ = 11,167
[11,167 (3.21% / 3.32%)] [166,822 / 181,201 (49.52%)]
16.5℃ - 17.4℃ 16.5℃ - 17.4℃ = 10,949
[10,949 (3.15% / 3.25%)] [177,771 / 170,034 (52.77%)]
17.5℃ - 18.4℃ 17.5℃ - 18.4℃ = 11,301
[11,301 (3.25% / 3.35%)] [189,072 / 159,085 (56.13%)]
18.5℃ - 19.4℃ 18.5℃ - 19.4℃ = 11,526
[11,526 (3.31% / 3.42%)] [200,598 / 147,784 (59.55%)]
19.5℃ - 20.4℃ 19.5℃ - 20.4℃ = 11,815
[11,815 (3.40% / 3.51%)] [212,413 / 136,258 (63.06%)]
20.5℃ - 21.4℃ 20.5℃ - 21.4℃ = 12,023
[12,023 (3.46% / 3.57%)] [224,436 / 124,443 (66.63%)]
21.5℃ - 22.4℃ 21.5℃ - 22.4℃ = 13,366
[13,366 (3.84% / 3.97%)] [237,802 / 112,420 (70.59%)]
22.5℃ - 23.4℃ 22.5℃ - 23.4℃ = 15,430
[15,430 (4.44% / 4.58%)] [253,232 / 99,054 (75.18%)]
23.5℃ - 24.4℃ 23.5℃ - 24.4℃ = 16,790
[16,790 (4.83% / 4.98%)] [270,022 / 83,624 (80.16%)]
24.5℃ - 25.4℃ 24.5℃ - 25.4℃ = 14,505
[14,505 (4.17% / 4.31%)] [284,527 / 66,834 (84.47%)]
25.5℃ - 26.4℃ 25.5℃ - 26.4℃ = 11,363
[11,363 (3.27% / 3.37%)] [295,890 / 52,329 (87.84%)]
26.5℃ - 27.4℃ 26.5℃ - 27.4℃ = 8,994
[8,994 (2.59% / 2.67%)] [304,884 / 40,966 (90.51%)]
27.5℃ - 28.4℃ 27.5℃ - 28.4℃ = 7,636
[7,636 (2.20% / 2.27%)] [312,520 / 31,972 (92.78%)]
28.5℃ - 29.4℃ 28.5℃ - 29.4℃ = 6,140
[6,140 (1.77% / 1.82%)] [318,660 / 24,336 (94.60%)]
29.5℃ - 30.4℃ 29.5℃ - 30.4℃ = 5,487
[5,487 (1.58% / 1.63%)] [324,147 / 18,196 (96.23%)]
30.5℃ - 31.4℃ 30.5℃ - 31.4℃ = 4,648
[4,648 (1.34% / 1.38%)] [328,795 / 12,709 (97.61%)]
31.5℃ - 32.4℃ 31.5℃ - 32.4℃ = 3,657
[3,657 (1.05% / 1.09%)] [332,452 / 8,061 (98.69%)]
32.5℃ - 33.4℃ 32.5℃ - 33.4℃ = 2,555
[2,555 (0.73% / 0.76%)] [335,007 / 4,404 (99.45%)]
33.5℃ - 34.4℃ 33.5℃ - 34.4℃ = 1,353
[1,353 (0.39% / 0.40%)] [336,360 / 1,849 (99.85%)]
34.5℃ - 35.4℃ 34.5℃ - 35.4℃ = 405
[405 (0.12% / 0.12%)] [336,765 / 496 (99.97%)]
35.5℃ - 36.4℃ 35.5℃ - 36.4℃ = 74
[74 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [336,839 / 91 (99.99%)]
36.5℃ - 37.4℃ 36.5℃ - 37.4℃ = 17
[17 (0.00% / 0.01%)] [336,856 / 17 (100.00%)]

欠測回数 (10,856 / 3.12%)

日照時間

0.0h 0.0h = 234,218
[234,218 (67.36% / 70.90%)] [234,218 / 330,332 (70.90%)]
0.1h 0.1h = 7,873
[7,873 (2.26% / 2.38%)] [242,091 / 96,114 (73.29%)]
0.2h 0.2h = 5,934
[5,934 (1.71% / 1.80%)] [248,025 / 88,241 (75.08%)]
0.3h 0.3h = 5,421
[5,421 (1.56% / 1.64%)] [253,446 / 82,307 (76.72%)]
0.4h 0.4h = 4,933
[4,933 (1.42% / 1.49%)] [258,379 / 76,886 (78.22%)]
0.5h 0.5h = 4,790
[4,790 (1.38% / 1.45%)] [263,169 / 71,953 (79.67%)]
0.6h 0.6h = 4,986
[4,986 (1.43% / 1.51%)] [268,155 / 67,163 (81.18%)]
0.7h 0.7h = 5,207
[5,207 (1.50% / 1.58%)] [273,362 / 62,177 (82.75%)]
0.8h 0.8h = 5,495
[5,495 (1.58% / 1.66%)] [278,857 / 56,970 (84.42%)]
0.9h 0.9h = 6,990
[6,990 (2.01% / 2.12%)] [285,847 / 51,475 (86.53%)]
1.0h 1.0h = 44,485
[44,485 (12.79% / 13.47%)] [330,332 / 44,485 (100.00%)]

欠測回数 (17,380 / 5.00%)