観測所番号 53326
都道府県 三重県 [ 地域ポータル ]
所在地 三重県北牟婁郡紀北町長島 (三重県北牟婁郡紀北町)
観測月数 463
観測回数 337,799
観測期間
期間 名前 緯度 経度 高度 風速計高さ
1979年01月17日 〜 1987年04月22日 紀伊長島 (キイナガシマ) 34.208N 136.327E 3m 6.5m
1987年04月23日 〜 2005年12月19日 紀伊長島 (キイナガシマ) 34.208N 136.327E 3m 6.5m
2005年12月20日 〜 2010年03月16日 紀伊長島 (キイナガシマ) 34.208N 136.327E 3m 6.5m
2010年03月17日 〜 2017年07月99日 紀伊長島 (キイナガシマ) 34.208N 136.327E 3m 10.0m
リアルタイムデータ アメラス(アメダス・ランキング・サービス)
過去の大雨データ アメダス集中豪雨
気象災害報告
台風接近履歴
近隣観測所
番号 名前 距離 方位
53321 宮川(三重県) 13.43km 305度
53287 藤坂峠(三重県) 19.56km 49度
53376 尾鷲(三重県) 19.73km 219度
53378 尾鷲(三重県) 19.85km 218度
64211 日出岳(奈良県) 20.35km 262度
53286 大台(三重県) 21.73km 20度
53377 八幡峠(三重県) 25.89km 230度
53231 粥見(三重県) 27.25km 12度

全期間統計

降水量

0.0mm - 0.4mm 0.0mm - 0.4mm = 307,842
[307,842 (91.13% / 91.21%)] [307,842 / 337,527 (91.21)]
0.5mm - 1.4mm 0.5mm - 1.4mm = 12,927
[12,927 (3.83% / 3.83%)] [320,769 / 29,685 (95.04)]
1.5mm - 2.4mm 1.5mm - 2.4mm = 5,583
[5,583 (1.65% / 1.65%)] [326,352 / 16,758 (96.69)]
2.5mm - 3.4mm 2.5mm - 3.4mm = 3,122
[3,122 (0.92% / 0.92%)] [329,474 / 11,175 (97.61)]
3.5mm - 4.4mm 3.5mm - 4.4mm = 2,044
[2,044 (0.61% / 0.61%)] [331,518 / 8,053 (98.22)]
4.5mm - 5.4mm 4.5mm - 5.4mm = 1,377
[1,377 (0.41% / 0.41%)] [332,895 / 6,009 (98.63)]
5.5mm - 6.4mm 5.5mm - 6.4mm = 934
[934 (0.28% / 0.28%)] [333,829 / 4,632 (98.90)]
6.5mm - 7.4mm 6.5mm - 7.4mm = 703
[703 (0.21% / 0.21%)] [334,532 / 3,698 (99.11)]
7.5mm - 8.4mm 7.5mm - 8.4mm = 582
[582 (0.17% / 0.17%)] [335,114 / 2,995 (99.29)]
8.5mm - 9.4mm 8.5mm - 9.4mm = 390
[390 (0.12% / 0.12%)] [335,504 / 2,413 (99.40)]
9.5mm - 10.4mm 9.5mm - 10.4mm = 311
[311 (0.09% / 0.09%)] [335,815 / 2,023 (99.49)]
10.5mm - 11.4mm 10.5mm - 11.4mm = 239
[239 (0.07% / 0.07%)] [336,054 / 1,712 (99.56)]
11.5mm - 12.4mm 11.5mm - 12.4mm = 189
[189 (0.06% / 0.06%)] [336,243 / 1,473 (99.62)]
12.5mm - 13.4mm 12.5mm - 13.4mm = 175
[175 (0.05% / 0.05%)] [336,418 / 1,284 (99.67)]
13.5mm - 14.4mm 13.5mm - 14.4mm = 149
[149 (0.04% / 0.04%)] [336,567 / 1,109 (99.72)]
14.5mm - 15.4mm 14.5mm - 15.4mm = 103
[103 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [336,670 / 960 (99.75)]
15.5mm - 16.4mm 15.5mm - 16.4mm = 79
[79 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [336,749 / 857 (99.77)]
16.5mm - 17.4mm 16.5mm - 17.4mm = 83
[83 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [336,832 / 778 (99.79)]
17.5mm - 18.4mm 17.5mm - 18.4mm = 80
[80 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [336,912 / 695 (99.82)]
18.5mm - 19.4mm 18.5mm - 19.4mm = 56
[56 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [336,968 / 615 (99.83)]
19.5mm - 20.4mm 19.5mm - 20.4mm = 58
[58 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [337,026 / 559 (99.85)]
20.5mm - 21.4mm 20.5mm - 21.4mm = 56
[56 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [337,082 / 501 (99.87)]
21.5mm - 22.4mm 21.5mm - 22.4mm = 32
[32 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [337,114 / 445 (99.88)]
22.5mm - 23.4mm 22.5mm - 23.4mm = 46
[46 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [337,160 / 413 (99.89)]
23.5mm - 24.4mm 23.5mm - 24.4mm = 38
[38 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [337,198 / 367 (99.90)]
24.5mm - 25.4mm 24.5mm - 25.4mm = 31
[31 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [337,229 / 329 (99.91)]
25.5mm - 26.4mm 25.5mm - 26.4mm = 28
[28 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [337,257 / 298 (99.92)]
26.5mm - 27.4mm 26.5mm - 27.4mm = 27
[27 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [337,284 / 270 (99.93)]
27.5mm - 28.4mm 27.5mm - 28.4mm = 21
[21 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [337,305 / 243 (99.93)]
28.5mm - 29.4mm 28.5mm - 29.4mm = 16
[16 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,321 / 222 (99.94)]
29.5mm - 30.4mm 29.5mm - 30.4mm = 12
[12 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,333 / 206 (99.94)]
30.5mm - 31.4mm 30.5mm - 31.4mm = 13
[13 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,346 / 194 (99.95)]
31.5mm - 32.4mm 31.5mm - 32.4mm = 18
[18 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [337,364 / 181 (99.95)]
32.5mm - 33.4mm 32.5mm - 33.4mm = 10
[10 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,374 / 163 (99.95)]
33.5mm - 34.4mm 33.5mm - 34.4mm = 17
[17 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [337,391 / 153 (99.96)]
34.5mm - 35.4mm 34.5mm - 35.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,396 / 136 (99.96)]
35.5mm - 36.4mm 35.5mm - 36.4mm = 9
[9 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,405 / 131 (99.96)]
36.5mm - 37.4mm 36.5mm - 37.4mm = 13
[13 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,418 / 122 (99.97)]
37.5mm - 38.4mm 37.5mm - 38.4mm = 13
[13 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,431 / 109 (99.97)]
38.5mm - 39.4mm 38.5mm - 39.4mm = 8
[8 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,439 / 96 (99.97)]
39.5mm - 40.4mm 39.5mm - 40.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,441 / 88 (99.97)]
40.5mm - 41.4mm 40.5mm - 41.4mm = 7
[7 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,448 / 86 (99.98)]
41.5mm - 42.4mm 41.5mm - 42.4mm = 12
[12 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,460 / 79 (99.98)]
42.5mm - 43.4mm 42.5mm - 43.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,466 / 67 (99.98)]
43.5mm - 44.4mm 43.5mm - 44.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,472 / 61 (99.98)]
45.5mm - 46.4mm 45.5mm - 46.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,477 / 55 (99.99)]
46.5mm - 47.4mm 46.5mm - 47.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,480 / 50 (99.99)]
47.5mm - 48.4mm 47.5mm - 48.4mm = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,484 / 47 (99.99)]
48.5mm - 49.4mm 48.5mm - 49.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,486 / 43 (99.99)]
49.5mm - 50.4mm 49.5mm - 50.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,488 / 41 (99.99)]
50.5mm - 51.4mm 50.5mm - 51.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,490 / 39 (99.99)]
51.5mm - 52.4mm 51.5mm - 52.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,496 / 37 (99.99)]
52.5mm - 53.4mm 52.5mm - 53.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,497 / 31 (99.99)]
53.5mm - 54.4mm 53.5mm - 54.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,499 / 30 (99.99)]
54.5mm - 55.4mm 54.5mm - 55.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,500 / 28 (99.99)]
56.5mm - 57.4mm 56.5mm - 57.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,502 / 27 (99.99)]
57.5mm - 58.4mm 57.5mm - 58.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,504 / 25 (99.99)]
59.5mm - 60.4mm 59.5mm - 60.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,506 / 23 (99.99)]
60.5mm - 61.4mm 60.5mm - 61.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,507 / 21 (99.99)]
61.5mm - 62.4mm 61.5mm - 62.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,509 / 20 (99.99)]
62.5mm - 63.4mm 62.5mm - 63.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,510 / 18 (99.99)]
63.5mm - 64.4mm 63.5mm - 64.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,512 / 17 (100.00)]
66.5mm - 67.4mm 66.5mm - 67.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,513 / 15 (100.00)]
67.5mm - 68.4mm 67.5mm - 68.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,516 / 14 (100.00)]
70.5mm - 71.4mm 70.5mm - 71.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,517 / 11 (100.00)]
71.5mm - 72.4mm 71.5mm - 72.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,519 / 10 (100.00)]
72.5mm - 73.4mm 72.5mm - 73.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,520 / 8 (100.00)]
73.5mm - 74.4mm 73.5mm - 74.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,522 / 7 (100.00)]
74.5mm - 75.4mm 74.5mm - 75.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,524 / 5 (100.00)]
77.5mm - 78.4mm 77.5mm - 78.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,525 / 3 (100.00)]
80.5mm - 81.4mm 80.5mm - 81.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,526 / 2 (100.00)]
82.5mm - 83.4mm 82.5mm - 83.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,527 / 1 (100.00)]

欠測回数 (272 / 0.08%)

風向

静穏 静穏 = 126,763
[126,763 (37.53% / 37.59%)]
北北東 北北東 = 2,995
[2,995 (0.89% / 0.89%)]
北東 北東 = 2,228
[2,228 (0.66% / 0.66%)]
東北東 東北東 = 3,413
[3,413 (1.01% / 1.01%)]
東 = 13,711
[13,711 (4.06% / 4.07%)]
東南東 東南東 = 31,095
[31,095 (9.21% / 9.22%)]
南東 南東 = 16,542
[16,542 (4.90% / 4.91%)]
南南東 南南東 = 8,131
[8,131 (2.41% / 2.41%)]
南 = 5,425
[5,425 (1.61% / 1.61%)]
南南西 南南西 = 3,211
[3,211 (0.95% / 0.95%)]
南西 南西 = 3,045
[3,045 (0.90% / 0.90%)]
西南西 西南西 = 4,114
[4,114 (1.22% / 1.22%)]
西 西 = 9,579
[9,579 (2.84% / 2.84%)]
西北西 西北西 = 22,224
[22,224 (6.58% / 6.59%)]
北西 北西 = 46,892
[46,892 (13.88% / 13.90%)]
北北西 北北西 = 29,785
[29,785 (8.82% / 8.83%)]
北 = 8,079
[8,079 (2.39% / 2.40%)]

欠測回数 (567 / 0.17%)

風速

0.0m/s - 0.4m/s 0.0m/s - 0.4m/s = 133,981
[133,981 (39.66% / 39.72%)] [133,981 / 337,353 (39.72)]
0.5m/s - 1.4m/s 0.5m/s - 1.4m/s = 105,423
[105,423 (31.21% / 31.25%)] [239,404 / 203,372 (70.97)]
1.5m/s - 2.4m/s 1.5m/s - 2.4m/s = 59,187
[59,187 (17.52% / 17.54%)] [298,591 / 97,949 (88.51)]
2.5m/s - 3.4m/s 2.5m/s - 3.4m/s = 28,086
[28,086 (8.31% / 8.33%)] [326,677 / 38,762 (96.84)]
3.5m/s - 4.4m/s 3.5m/s - 4.4m/s = 7,619
[7,619 (2.26% / 2.26%)] [334,296 / 10,676 (99.09)]
4.5m/s - 5.4m/s 4.5m/s - 5.4m/s = 1,991
[1,991 (0.59% / 0.59%)] [336,287 / 3,057 (99.68)]
5.5m/s - 6.4m/s 5.5m/s - 6.4m/s = 633
[633 (0.19% / 0.19%)] [336,920 / 1,066 (99.87)]
6.5m/s - 7.4m/s 6.5m/s - 7.4m/s = 247
[247 (0.07% / 0.07%)] [337,167 / 433 (99.94)]
7.5m/s - 8.4m/s 7.5m/s - 8.4m/s = 100
[100 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [337,267 / 186 (99.97)]
8.5m/s - 9.4m/s 8.5m/s - 9.4m/s = 43
[43 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [337,310 / 86 (99.99)]
9.5m/s - 10.4m/s 9.5m/s - 10.4m/s = 17
[17 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [337,327 / 43 (99.99)]
10.5m/s - 11.4m/s 10.5m/s - 11.4m/s = 16
[16 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,343 / 26 (100.00)]
11.5m/s - 12.4m/s 11.5m/s - 12.4m/s = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,347 / 10 (100.00)]
12.5m/s - 13.4m/s 12.5m/s - 13.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,348 / 6 (100.00)]
13.5m/s - 14.4m/s 13.5m/s - 14.4m/s = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,352 / 5 (100.00)]
18.5m/s - 19.4m/s 18.5m/s - 19.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,353 / 1 (100.00)]

欠測回数 (446 / 0.13%)

気温

-4.5℃ - -3.6℃ -4.5℃ - -3.6℃ = 9
[9 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [9 / 337,377 (0.00)]
-3.5℃ - -2.6℃ -3.5℃ - -2.6℃ = 78
[78 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [87 / 337,368 (0.03)]
-2.5℃ - -1.6℃ -2.5℃ - -1.6℃ = 282
[282 (0.08% / 0.08%)] [369 / 337,290 (0.11)]
-1.5℃ - -0.6℃ -1.5℃ - -0.6℃ = 906
[906 (0.27% / 0.27%)] [1,275 / 337,008 (0.38)]
-0.5℃ - 0.4℃ -0.5℃ - 0.4℃ = 4,621
[4,621 (1.37% / 1.37%)] [5,896 / 336,102 (1.75)]
0.5℃ - 1.4℃ 0.5℃ - 1.4℃ = 3,932
[3,932 (1.16% / 1.17%)] [9,828 / 331,481 (2.91)]
1.5℃ - 2.4℃ 1.5℃ - 2.4℃ = 5,257
[5,257 (1.56% / 1.56%)] [15,085 / 327,549 (4.47)]
2.5℃ - 3.4℃ 2.5℃ - 3.4℃ = 6,608
[6,608 (1.96% / 1.96%)] [21,693 / 322,292 (6.43)]
3.5℃ - 4.4℃ 3.5℃ - 4.4℃ = 7,964
[7,964 (2.36% / 2.36%)] [29,657 / 315,684 (8.79)]
4.5℃ - 5.4℃ 4.5℃ - 5.4℃ = 9,485
[9,485 (2.81% / 2.81%)] [39,142 / 307,720 (11.60)]
5.5℃ - 6.4℃ 5.5℃ - 6.4℃ = 10,463
[10,463 (3.10% / 3.10%)] [49,605 / 298,235 (14.70)]
6.5℃ - 7.4℃ 6.5℃ - 7.4℃ = 10,824
[10,824 (3.20% / 3.21%)] [60,429 / 287,772 (17.91)]
7.5℃ - 8.4℃ 7.5℃ - 8.4℃ = 11,854
[11,854 (3.51% / 3.51%)] [72,283 / 276,948 (21.42)]
8.5℃ - 9.4℃ 8.5℃ - 9.4℃ = 12,225
[12,225 (3.62% / 3.62%)] [84,508 / 265,094 (25.05)]
9.5℃ - 10.4℃ 9.5℃ - 10.4℃ = 12,256
[12,256 (3.63% / 3.63%)] [96,764 / 252,869 (28.68)]
10.5℃ - 11.4℃ 10.5℃ - 11.4℃ = 12,283
[12,283 (3.64% / 3.64%)] [109,047 / 240,613 (32.32)]
11.5℃ - 12.4℃ 11.5℃ - 12.4℃ = 11,936
[11,936 (3.53% / 3.54%)] [120,983 / 228,330 (35.86)]
12.5℃ - 13.4℃ 12.5℃ - 13.4℃ = 11,850
[11,850 (3.51% / 3.51%)] [132,833 / 216,394 (39.37)]
13.5℃ - 14.4℃ 13.5℃ - 14.4℃ = 12,123
[12,123 (3.59% / 3.59%)] [144,956 / 204,544 (42.97)]
14.5℃ - 15.4℃ 14.5℃ - 15.4℃ = 12,249
[12,249 (3.63% / 3.63%)] [157,205 / 192,421 (46.60)]
15.5℃ - 16.4℃ 15.5℃ - 16.4℃ = 12,704
[12,704 (3.76% / 3.77%)] [169,909 / 180,172 (50.36)]
16.5℃ - 17.4℃ 16.5℃ - 17.4℃ = 12,558
[12,558 (3.72% / 3.72%)] [182,467 / 167,468 (54.08)]
17.5℃ - 18.4℃ 17.5℃ - 18.4℃ = 12,909
[12,909 (3.82% / 3.83%)] [195,376 / 154,910 (57.91)]
18.5℃ - 19.4℃ 18.5℃ - 19.4℃ = 13,547
[13,547 (4.01% / 4.02%)] [208,923 / 142,001 (61.93)]
19.5℃ - 20.4℃ 19.5℃ - 20.4℃ = 13,854
[13,854 (4.10% / 4.11%)] [222,777 / 128,454 (66.03)]
20.5℃ - 21.4℃ 20.5℃ - 21.4℃ = 14,491
[14,491 (4.29% / 4.30%)] [237,268 / 114,600 (70.33)]
21.5℃ - 22.4℃ 21.5℃ - 22.4℃ = 14,789
[14,789 (4.38% / 4.38%)] [252,057 / 100,109 (74.71)]
22.5℃ - 23.4℃ 22.5℃ - 23.4℃ = 15,932
[15,932 (4.72% / 4.72%)] [267,989 / 85,320 (79.43)]
23.5℃ - 24.4℃ 23.5℃ - 24.4℃ = 16,218
[16,218 (4.80% / 4.81%)] [284,207 / 69,388 (84.24)]
24.5℃ - 25.4℃ 24.5℃ - 25.4℃ = 13,632
[13,632 (4.04% / 4.04%)] [297,839 / 53,170 (88.28)]
25.5℃ - 26.4℃ 25.5℃ - 26.4℃ = 10,362
[10,362 (3.07% / 3.07%)] [308,201 / 39,538 (91.35)]
26.5℃ - 27.4℃ 26.5℃ - 27.4℃ = 8,203
[8,203 (2.43% / 2.43%)] [316,404 / 29,176 (93.78)]
27.5℃ - 28.4℃ 27.5℃ - 28.4℃ = 6,616
[6,616 (1.96% / 1.96%)] [323,020 / 20,973 (95.74)]
28.5℃ - 29.4℃ 28.5℃ - 29.4℃ = 5,261
[5,261 (1.56% / 1.56%)] [328,281 / 14,357 (97.30)]
29.5℃ - 30.4℃ 29.5℃ - 30.4℃ = 3,991
[3,991 (1.18% / 1.18%)] [332,272 / 9,096 (98.49)]
30.5℃ - 31.4℃ 30.5℃ - 31.4℃ = 2,622
[2,622 (0.78% / 0.78%)] [334,894 / 5,105 (99.26)]
31.5℃ - 32.4℃ 31.5℃ - 32.4℃ = 1,420
[1,420 (0.42% / 0.42%)] [336,314 / 2,483 (99.68)]
32.5℃ - 33.4℃ 32.5℃ - 33.4℃ = 670
[670 (0.20% / 0.20%)] [336,984 / 1,063 (99.88)]
33.5℃ - 34.4℃ 33.5℃ - 34.4℃ = 274
[274 (0.08% / 0.08%)] [337,258 / 393 (99.96)]
34.5℃ - 35.4℃ 34.5℃ - 35.4℃ = 79
[79 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [337,337 / 119 (99.99)]
35.5℃ - 36.4℃ 35.5℃ - 36.4℃ = 34
[34 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [337,371 / 40 (100.00)]
36.5℃ - 37.4℃ 36.5℃ - 37.4℃ = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [337,377 / 6 (100.00)]

欠測回数 (422 / 0.12%)

日照時間

0.0h 0.0h = 237,774
[237,774 (70.39% / 70.61%)] [237,774 / 336,757 (70.61)]
0.1h 0.1h = 7,100
[7,100 (2.10% / 2.11%)] [244,874 / 98,983 (72.72)]
0.2h 0.2h = 5,742
[5,742 (1.70% / 1.71%)] [250,616 / 91,883 (74.42)]
0.3h 0.3h = 5,218
[5,218 (1.54% / 1.55%)] [255,834 / 86,141 (75.97)]
0.4h 0.4h = 4,863
[4,863 (1.44% / 1.44%)] [260,697 / 80,923 (77.41)]
0.5h 0.5h = 4,736
[4,736 (1.40% / 1.41%)] [265,433 / 76,060 (78.82)]
0.6h 0.6h = 4,853
[4,853 (1.44% / 1.44%)] [270,286 / 71,324 (80.26)]
0.7h 0.7h = 5,045
[5,045 (1.49% / 1.50%)] [275,331 / 66,471 (81.76)]
0.8h 0.8h = 5,757
[5,757 (1.70% / 1.71%)] [281,088 / 61,426 (83.47)]
0.9h 0.9h = 7,542
[7,542 (2.23% / 2.24%)] [288,630 / 55,669 (85.71)]
1.0h 1.0h = 48,127
[48,127 (14.25% / 14.29%)] [336,757 / 48,127 (100.00)]

欠測回数 (1,042 / 0.31%)