観測所番号 53326
都道府県 三重県 [ 地域ポータル ]
所在地 三重県北牟婁郡紀北町長島 (三重県北牟婁郡紀北町)
観測月数 468
観測回数 341,471
観測期間
期間 名前 緯度 経度 高度 風速計高さ
1979年01月17日 〜 1987年04月22日 紀伊長島 (キイナガシマ) 34.208N 136.327E 3m 6.5m
1987年04月23日 〜 2005年12月19日 紀伊長島 (キイナガシマ) 34.208N 136.327E 3m 6.5m
2005年12月20日 〜 2010年03月16日 紀伊長島 (キイナガシマ) 34.208N 136.327E 3m 6.5m
2010年03月17日 〜 2017年12月99日 紀伊長島 (キイナガシマ) 34.208N 136.327E 3m 10.0m
リアルタイムデータ アメラス(アメダス・ランキング・サービス)
過去の大雨データ アメダス集中豪雨
気象災害報告
台風接近履歴
近隣観測所
番号 名前 距離 方位
53321 宮川(三重県) 13.43km 305度
53287 藤坂峠(三重県) 19.56km 49度
53376 尾鷲(三重県) 19.73km 219度
53378 尾鷲(三重県) 19.85km 218度
64211 日出岳(奈良県) 20.35km 262度
53286 大台(三重県) 21.73km 20度
53377 八幡峠(三重県) 25.89km 230度
53231 粥見(三重県) 27.25km 12度

全期間統計

降水量

0.0mm - 0.4mm 0.0mm - 0.4mm = 311,068
[311,068 (91.10% / 91.17%)] [311,068 / 341,198 (91.17)]
0.5mm - 1.4mm 0.5mm - 1.4mm = 13,101
[13,101 (3.84% / 3.84%)] [324,169 / 30,130 (95.01)]
1.5mm - 2.4mm 1.5mm - 2.4mm = 5,682
[5,682 (1.66% / 1.67%)] [329,851 / 17,029 (96.67)]
2.5mm - 3.4mm 2.5mm - 3.4mm = 3,173
[3,173 (0.93% / 0.93%)] [333,024 / 11,347 (97.60)]
3.5mm - 4.4mm 3.5mm - 4.4mm = 2,069
[2,069 (0.61% / 0.61%)] [335,093 / 8,174 (98.21)]
4.5mm - 5.4mm 4.5mm - 5.4mm = 1,399
[1,399 (0.41% / 0.41%)] [336,492 / 6,105 (98.62)]
5.5mm - 6.4mm 5.5mm - 6.4mm = 950
[950 (0.28% / 0.28%)] [337,442 / 4,706 (98.90)]
6.5mm - 7.4mm 6.5mm - 7.4mm = 713
[713 (0.21% / 0.21%)] [338,155 / 3,756 (99.11)]
7.5mm - 8.4mm 7.5mm - 8.4mm = 584
[584 (0.17% / 0.17%)] [338,739 / 3,043 (99.28)]
8.5mm - 9.4mm 8.5mm - 9.4mm = 399
[399 (0.12% / 0.12%)] [339,138 / 2,459 (99.40)]
9.5mm - 10.4mm 9.5mm - 10.4mm = 319
[319 (0.09% / 0.09%)] [339,457 / 2,060 (99.49)]
10.5mm - 11.4mm 10.5mm - 11.4mm = 241
[241 (0.07% / 0.07%)] [339,698 / 1,741 (99.56)]
11.5mm - 12.4mm 11.5mm - 12.4mm = 193
[193 (0.06% / 0.06%)] [339,891 / 1,500 (99.62)]
12.5mm - 13.4mm 12.5mm - 13.4mm = 177
[177 (0.05% / 0.05%)] [340,068 / 1,307 (99.67)]
13.5mm - 14.4mm 13.5mm - 14.4mm = 151
[151 (0.04% / 0.04%)] [340,219 / 1,130 (99.71)]
14.5mm - 15.4mm 14.5mm - 15.4mm = 103
[103 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [340,322 / 979 (99.74)]
15.5mm - 16.4mm 15.5mm - 16.4mm = 79
[79 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [340,401 / 876 (99.77)]
16.5mm - 17.4mm 16.5mm - 17.4mm = 83
[83 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [340,484 / 797 (99.79)]
17.5mm - 18.4mm 17.5mm - 18.4mm = 84
[84 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [340,568 / 714 (99.82)]
18.5mm - 19.4mm 18.5mm - 19.4mm = 56
[56 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [340,624 / 630 (99.83)]
19.5mm - 20.4mm 19.5mm - 20.4mm = 59
[59 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [340,683 / 574 (99.85)]
20.5mm - 21.4mm 20.5mm - 21.4mm = 58
[58 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [340,741 / 515 (99.87)]
21.5mm - 22.4mm 21.5mm - 22.4mm = 33
[33 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [340,774 / 457 (99.88)]
22.5mm - 23.4mm 22.5mm - 23.4mm = 46
[46 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [340,820 / 424 (99.89)]
23.5mm - 24.4mm 23.5mm - 24.4mm = 38
[38 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [340,858 / 378 (99.90)]
24.5mm - 25.4mm 24.5mm - 25.4mm = 31
[31 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [340,889 / 340 (99.91)]
25.5mm - 26.4mm 25.5mm - 26.4mm = 30
[30 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [340,919 / 309 (99.92)]
26.5mm - 27.4mm 26.5mm - 27.4mm = 28
[28 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [340,947 / 279 (99.93)]
27.5mm - 28.4mm 27.5mm - 28.4mm = 21
[21 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [340,968 / 251 (99.93)]
28.5mm - 29.4mm 28.5mm - 29.4mm = 17
[17 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [340,985 / 230 (99.94)]
29.5mm - 30.4mm 29.5mm - 30.4mm = 12
[12 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [340,997 / 213 (99.94)]
30.5mm - 31.4mm 30.5mm - 31.4mm = 14
[14 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,011 / 201 (99.95)]
31.5mm - 32.4mm 31.5mm - 32.4mm = 20
[20 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [341,031 / 187 (99.95)]
32.5mm - 33.4mm 32.5mm - 33.4mm = 10
[10 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,041 / 167 (99.95)]
33.5mm - 34.4mm 33.5mm - 34.4mm = 18
[18 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [341,059 / 157 (99.96)]
34.5mm - 35.4mm 34.5mm - 35.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,065 / 139 (99.96)]
35.5mm - 36.4mm 35.5mm - 36.4mm = 9
[9 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,074 / 133 (99.96)]
36.5mm - 37.4mm 36.5mm - 37.4mm = 13
[13 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,087 / 124 (99.97)]
37.5mm - 38.4mm 37.5mm - 38.4mm = 13
[13 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,100 / 111 (99.97)]
38.5mm - 39.4mm 38.5mm - 39.4mm = 9
[9 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,109 / 98 (99.97)]
39.5mm - 40.4mm 39.5mm - 40.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,111 / 89 (99.97)]
40.5mm - 41.4mm 40.5mm - 41.4mm = 7
[7 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,118 / 87 (99.98)]
41.5mm - 42.4mm 41.5mm - 42.4mm = 12
[12 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,130 / 80 (99.98)]
42.5mm - 43.4mm 42.5mm - 43.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,136 / 68 (99.98)]
43.5mm - 44.4mm 43.5mm - 44.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,142 / 62 (99.98)]
45.5mm - 46.4mm 45.5mm - 46.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,147 / 56 (99.99)]
46.5mm - 47.4mm 46.5mm - 47.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,150 / 51 (99.99)]
47.5mm - 48.4mm 47.5mm - 48.4mm = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,154 / 48 (99.99)]
48.5mm - 49.4mm 48.5mm - 49.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,156 / 44 (99.99)]
49.5mm - 50.4mm 49.5mm - 50.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,158 / 42 (99.99)]
50.5mm - 51.4mm 50.5mm - 51.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,160 / 40 (99.99)]
51.5mm - 52.4mm 51.5mm - 52.4mm = 7
[7 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,167 / 38 (99.99)]
52.5mm - 53.4mm 52.5mm - 53.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,168 / 31 (99.99)]
53.5mm - 54.4mm 53.5mm - 54.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,170 / 30 (99.99)]
54.5mm - 55.4mm 54.5mm - 55.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,171 / 28 (99.99)]
56.5mm - 57.4mm 56.5mm - 57.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,173 / 27 (99.99)]
57.5mm - 58.4mm 57.5mm - 58.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,175 / 25 (99.99)]
59.5mm - 60.4mm 59.5mm - 60.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,177 / 23 (99.99)]
60.5mm - 61.4mm 60.5mm - 61.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,178 / 21 (99.99)]
61.5mm - 62.4mm 61.5mm - 62.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,180 / 20 (99.99)]
62.5mm - 63.4mm 62.5mm - 63.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,181 / 18 (100.00)]
63.5mm - 64.4mm 63.5mm - 64.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,183 / 17 (100.00)]
66.5mm - 67.4mm 66.5mm - 67.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,184 / 15 (100.00)]
67.5mm - 68.4mm 67.5mm - 68.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,187 / 14 (100.00)]
70.5mm - 71.4mm 70.5mm - 71.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,188 / 11 (100.00)]
71.5mm - 72.4mm 71.5mm - 72.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,190 / 10 (100.00)]
72.5mm - 73.4mm 72.5mm - 73.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,191 / 8 (100.00)]
73.5mm - 74.4mm 73.5mm - 74.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,193 / 7 (100.00)]
74.5mm - 75.4mm 74.5mm - 75.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,195 / 5 (100.00)]
77.5mm - 78.4mm 77.5mm - 78.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,196 / 3 (100.00)]
80.5mm - 81.4mm 80.5mm - 81.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,197 / 2 (100.00)]
82.5mm - 83.4mm 82.5mm - 83.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,198 / 1 (100.00)]

欠測回数 (273 / 0.08%)

風向

静穏 静穏 = 126,926
[126,926 (37.17% / 37.23%)]
北北東 北北東 = 3,035
[3,035 (0.89% / 0.89%)]
北東 北東 = 2,258
[2,258 (0.66% / 0.66%)]
東北東 東北東 = 3,454
[3,454 (1.01% / 1.01%)]
東 = 13,867
[13,867 (4.06% / 4.07%)]
東南東 東南東 = 31,362
[31,362 (9.18% / 9.20%)]
南東 南東 = 16,647
[16,647 (4.88% / 4.88%)]
南南東 南南東 = 8,217
[8,217 (2.41% / 2.41%)]
南 = 5,519
[5,519 (1.62% / 1.62%)]
南南西 南南西 = 3,322
[3,322 (0.97% / 0.97%)]
南西 南西 = 3,158
[3,158 (0.92% / 0.93%)]
西南西 西南西 = 4,293
[4,293 (1.26% / 1.26%)]
西 西 = 10,017
[10,017 (2.93% / 2.94%)]
西北西 西北西 = 22,866
[22,866 (6.70% / 6.71%)]
北西 北西 = 47,579
[47,579 (13.93% / 13.96%)]
北北西 北北西 = 30,179
[30,179 (8.84% / 8.85%)]
北 = 8,204
[8,204 (2.40% / 2.41%)]

欠測回数 (568 / 0.17%)

風速

0.0m/s - 0.4m/s 0.0m/s - 0.4m/s = 134,499
[134,499 (39.39% / 39.44%)] [134,499 / 341,024 (39.44)]
0.5m/s - 1.4m/s 0.5m/s - 1.4m/s = 107,028
[107,028 (31.34% / 31.38%)] [241,527 / 206,525 (70.82)]
1.5m/s - 2.4m/s 1.5m/s - 2.4m/s = 60,074
[60,074 (17.59% / 17.62%)] [301,601 / 99,497 (88.44)]
2.5m/s - 3.4m/s 2.5m/s - 3.4m/s = 28,527
[28,527 (8.35% / 8.37%)] [330,128 / 39,423 (96.80)]
3.5m/s - 4.4m/s 3.5m/s - 4.4m/s = 7,757
[7,757 (2.27% / 2.27%)] [337,885 / 10,896 (99.08)]
4.5m/s - 5.4m/s 4.5m/s - 5.4m/s = 2,037
[2,037 (0.60% / 0.60%)] [339,922 / 3,139 (99.68)]
5.5m/s - 6.4m/s 5.5m/s - 6.4m/s = 651
[651 (0.19% / 0.19%)] [340,573 / 1,102 (99.87)]
6.5m/s - 7.4m/s 6.5m/s - 7.4m/s = 253
[253 (0.07% / 0.07%)] [340,826 / 451 (99.94)]
7.5m/s - 8.4m/s 7.5m/s - 8.4m/s = 103
[103 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [340,929 / 198 (99.97)]
8.5m/s - 9.4m/s 8.5m/s - 9.4m/s = 47
[47 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [340,976 / 95 (99.99)]
9.5m/s - 10.4m/s 9.5m/s - 10.4m/s = 19
[19 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [340,995 / 48 (99.99)]
10.5m/s - 11.4m/s 10.5m/s - 11.4m/s = 18
[18 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [341,013 / 29 (100.00)]
11.5m/s - 12.4m/s 11.5m/s - 12.4m/s = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,017 / 11 (100.00)]
12.5m/s - 13.4m/s 12.5m/s - 13.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,018 / 7 (100.00)]
13.5m/s - 14.4m/s 13.5m/s - 14.4m/s = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,023 / 6 (100.00)]
18.5m/s - 19.4m/s 18.5m/s - 19.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,024 / 1 (100.00)]

欠測回数 (447 / 0.13%)

気温

-4.5℃ - -3.6℃ -4.5℃ - -3.6℃ = 9
[9 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [9 / 341,048 (0.00)]
-3.5℃ - -2.6℃ -3.5℃ - -2.6℃ = 78
[78 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [87 / 341,039 (0.03)]
-2.5℃ - -1.6℃ -2.5℃ - -1.6℃ = 282
[282 (0.08% / 0.08%)] [369 / 340,961 (0.11)]
-1.5℃ - -0.6℃ -1.5℃ - -0.6℃ = 908
[908 (0.27% / 0.27%)] [1,277 / 340,679 (0.37)]
-0.5℃ - 0.4℃ -0.5℃ - 0.4℃ = 4,639
[4,639 (1.36% / 1.36%)] [5,916 / 339,771 (1.73)]
0.5℃ - 1.4℃ 0.5℃ - 1.4℃ = 3,962
[3,962 (1.16% / 1.16%)] [9,878 / 335,132 (2.90)]
1.5℃ - 2.4℃ 1.5℃ - 2.4℃ = 5,301
[5,301 (1.55% / 1.55%)] [15,179 / 331,170 (4.45)]
2.5℃ - 3.4℃ 2.5℃ - 3.4℃ = 6,658
[6,658 (1.95% / 1.95%)] [21,837 / 325,869 (6.40)]
3.5℃ - 4.4℃ 3.5℃ - 4.4℃ = 8,041
[8,041 (2.35% / 2.36%)] [29,878 / 319,211 (8.76)]
4.5℃ - 5.4℃ 4.5℃ - 5.4℃ = 9,584
[9,584 (2.81% / 2.81%)] [39,462 / 311,170 (11.57)]
5.5℃ - 6.4℃ 5.5℃ - 6.4℃ = 10,578
[10,578 (3.10% / 3.10%)] [50,040 / 301,586 (14.67)]
6.5℃ - 7.4℃ 6.5℃ - 7.4℃ = 10,946
[10,946 (3.21% / 3.21%)] [60,986 / 291,008 (17.88)]
7.5℃ - 8.4℃ 7.5℃ - 8.4℃ = 11,964
[11,964 (3.50% / 3.51%)] [72,950 / 280,062 (21.39)]
8.5℃ - 9.4℃ 8.5℃ - 9.4℃ = 12,315
[12,315 (3.61% / 3.61%)] [85,265 / 268,098 (25.00)]
9.5℃ - 10.4℃ 9.5℃ - 10.4℃ = 12,379
[12,379 (3.63% / 3.63%)] [97,644 / 255,783 (28.63)]
10.5℃ - 11.4℃ 10.5℃ - 11.4℃ = 12,408
[12,408 (3.63% / 3.64%)] [110,052 / 243,404 (32.27)]
11.5℃ - 12.4℃ 11.5℃ - 12.4℃ = 12,037
[12,037 (3.53% / 3.53%)] [122,089 / 230,996 (35.80)]
12.5℃ - 13.4℃ 12.5℃ - 13.4℃ = 11,942
[11,942 (3.50% / 3.50%)] [134,031 / 218,959 (39.30)]
13.5℃ - 14.4℃ 13.5℃ - 14.4℃ = 12,248
[12,248 (3.59% / 3.59%)] [146,279 / 207,017 (42.89)]
14.5℃ - 15.4℃ 14.5℃ - 15.4℃ = 12,346
[12,346 (3.62% / 3.62%)] [158,625 / 194,769 (46.51)]
15.5℃ - 16.4℃ 15.5℃ - 16.4℃ = 12,844
[12,844 (3.76% / 3.77%)] [171,469 / 182,423 (50.28)]
16.5℃ - 17.4℃ 16.5℃ - 17.4℃ = 12,690
[12,690 (3.72% / 3.72%)] [184,159 / 169,579 (54.00)]
17.5℃ - 18.4℃ 17.5℃ - 18.4℃ = 13,083
[13,083 (3.83% / 3.84%)] [197,242 / 156,889 (57.83)]
18.5℃ - 19.4℃ 18.5℃ - 19.4℃ = 13,697
[13,697 (4.01% / 4.02%)] [210,939 / 143,806 (61.85)]
19.5℃ - 20.4℃ 19.5℃ - 20.4℃ = 14,025
[14,025 (4.11% / 4.11%)] [224,964 / 130,109 (65.96)]
20.5℃ - 21.4℃ 20.5℃ - 21.4℃ = 14,630
[14,630 (4.28% / 4.29%)] [239,594 / 116,084 (70.25)]
21.5℃ - 22.4℃ 21.5℃ - 22.4℃ = 14,916
[14,916 (4.37% / 4.37%)] [254,510 / 101,454 (74.63)]
22.5℃ - 23.4℃ 22.5℃ - 23.4℃ = 16,072
[16,072 (4.71% / 4.71%)] [270,582 / 86,538 (79.34)]
23.5℃ - 24.4℃ 23.5℃ - 24.4℃ = 16,413
[16,413 (4.81% / 4.81%)] [286,995 / 70,466 (84.15)]
24.5℃ - 25.4℃ 24.5℃ - 25.4℃ = 13,838
[13,838 (4.05% / 4.06%)] [300,833 / 54,053 (88.21)]
25.5℃ - 26.4℃ 25.5℃ - 26.4℃ = 10,548
[10,548 (3.09% / 3.09%)] [311,381 / 40,215 (91.30)]
26.5℃ - 27.4℃ 26.5℃ - 27.4℃ = 8,330
[8,330 (2.44% / 2.44%)] [319,711 / 29,667 (93.74)]
27.5℃ - 28.4℃ 27.5℃ - 28.4℃ = 6,734
[6,734 (1.97% / 1.97%)] [326,445 / 21,337 (95.72)]
28.5℃ - 29.4℃ 28.5℃ - 29.4℃ = 5,308
[5,308 (1.55% / 1.56%)] [331,753 / 14,603 (97.27)]
29.5℃ - 30.4℃ 29.5℃ - 30.4℃ = 4,056
[4,056 (1.19% / 1.19%)] [335,809 / 9,295 (98.46)]
30.5℃ - 31.4℃ 30.5℃ - 31.4℃ = 2,683
[2,683 (0.79% / 0.79%)] [338,492 / 5,239 (99.25)]
31.5℃ - 32.4℃ 31.5℃ - 32.4℃ = 1,451
[1,451 (0.42% / 0.43%)] [339,943 / 2,556 (99.68)]
32.5℃ - 33.4℃ 32.5℃ - 33.4℃ = 686
[686 (0.20% / 0.20%)] [340,629 / 1,105 (99.88)]
33.5℃ - 34.4℃ 33.5℃ - 34.4℃ = 294
[294 (0.09% / 0.09%)] [340,923 / 419 (99.96)]
34.5℃ - 35.4℃ 34.5℃ - 35.4℃ = 85
[85 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [341,008 / 125 (99.99)]
35.5℃ - 36.4℃ 35.5℃ - 36.4℃ = 34
[34 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [341,042 / 40 (100.00)]
36.5℃ - 37.4℃ 36.5℃ - 37.4℃ = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [341,048 / 6 (100.00)]

欠測回数 (423 / 0.12%)

日照時間

0.0h 0.0h = 240,452
[240,452 (70.42% / 70.63%)] [240,452 / 340,428 (70.63)]
0.1h 0.1h = 7,181
[7,181 (2.10% / 2.11%)] [247,633 / 99,976 (72.74)]
0.2h 0.2h = 5,809
[5,809 (1.70% / 1.71%)] [253,442 / 92,795 (74.45)]
0.3h 0.3h = 5,279
[5,279 (1.55% / 1.55%)] [258,721 / 86,986 (76.00)]
0.4h 0.4h = 4,918
[4,918 (1.44% / 1.44%)] [263,639 / 81,707 (77.44)]
0.5h 0.5h = 4,773
[4,773 (1.40% / 1.40%)] [268,412 / 76,789 (78.85)]
0.6h 0.6h = 4,892
[4,892 (1.43% / 1.44%)] [273,304 / 72,016 (80.28)]
0.7h 0.7h = 5,109
[5,109 (1.50% / 1.50%)] [278,413 / 67,124 (81.78)]
0.8h 0.8h = 5,822
[5,822 (1.70% / 1.71%)] [284,235 / 62,015 (83.49)]
0.9h 0.9h = 7,618
[7,618 (2.23% / 2.24%)] [291,853 / 56,193 (85.73)]
1.0h 1.0h = 48,575
[48,575 (14.23% / 14.27%)] [340,428 / 48,575 (100.00)]

欠測回数 (1,043 / 0.31%)