Station Number 88971
Prefecture Kagoshima [ Local Portal ]
Location 鹿児島県大島郡和泊町国頭字手付 沖永良部特別地域気象観測所 (OSHIMA GUN WADOMARI CHO, KAGOSHIMA KEN)
Months of Observations 504
Number of Observations 368,183
Period of Observations
Period Name Lat. Long. Height Anemometer
1975/04/10 -- 1985/12/31 OKINOERABU 27.430N 128.703E 27m 13.5m
1986/01/01 -- 2000/01/11 OKINOERABU 27.430N 128.703E 27m 13.5m
2000/01/12 -- 2005/05/11 OKINOERABU 27.430N 128.703E 28m 13.4m
2005/05/12 -- 2008/09/30 OKINOERABU 27.432N 128.705E 27m 13.4m
2008/10/01 -- 2017/12/99 OKINOERABU 27.432N 128.705E 27m 10.0m
Real-time Data AMeRAS (AMeDAS Ranking Service)
Past Heavy Rain Data AMeDAS heavy rain
Weather Disaster Reports
Typhoon History
Neighbor Stations
Number Name Distance Azimuth

Statistics for the Whole Period

Precipitation

0.0mm - 0.4mm 0.0mm - 0.4mm = 344,142
[344,142 (93.47% / 93.54%)] [344,142 / 367,911 (93.54)]
0.5mm - 1.4mm 0.5mm - 1.4mm = 11,542
[11,542 (3.13% / 3.14%)] [355,684 / 23,769 (96.68)]
1.5mm - 2.4mm 1.5mm - 2.4mm = 3,854
[3,854 (1.05% / 1.05%)] [359,538 / 12,227 (97.72)]
2.5mm - 3.4mm 2.5mm - 3.4mm = 2,215
[2,215 (0.60% / 0.60%)] [361,753 / 8,373 (98.33)]
3.5mm - 4.4mm 3.5mm - 4.4mm = 1,399
[1,399 (0.38% / 0.38%)] [363,152 / 6,158 (98.71)]
4.5mm - 5.4mm 4.5mm - 5.4mm = 921
[921 (0.25% / 0.25%)] [364,073 / 4,759 (98.96)]
5.5mm - 6.4mm 5.5mm - 6.4mm = 702
[702 (0.19% / 0.19%)] [364,775 / 3,838 (99.15)]
6.5mm - 7.4mm 6.5mm - 7.4mm = 531
[531 (0.14% / 0.14%)] [365,306 / 3,136 (99.29)]
7.5mm - 8.4mm 7.5mm - 8.4mm = 421
[421 (0.11% / 0.11%)] [365,727 / 2,605 (99.41)]
8.5mm - 9.4mm 8.5mm - 9.4mm = 361
[361 (0.10% / 0.10%)] [366,088 / 2,184 (99.50)]
9.5mm - 10.4mm 9.5mm - 10.4mm = 263
[263 (0.07% / 0.07%)] [366,351 / 1,823 (99.58)]
10.5mm - 11.4mm 10.5mm - 11.4mm = 248
[248 (0.07% / 0.07%)] [366,599 / 1,560 (99.64)]
11.5mm - 12.4mm 11.5mm - 12.4mm = 192
[192 (0.05% / 0.05%)] [366,791 / 1,312 (99.70)]
12.5mm - 13.4mm 12.5mm - 13.4mm = 143
[143 (0.04% / 0.04%)] [366,934 / 1,120 (99.73)]
13.5mm - 14.4mm 13.5mm - 14.4mm = 122
[122 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [367,056 / 977 (99.77)]
14.5mm - 15.4mm 14.5mm - 15.4mm = 106
[106 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [367,162 / 855 (99.80)]
15.5mm - 16.4mm 15.5mm - 16.4mm = 92
[92 (0.02% / 0.03%)] [367,254 / 749 (99.82)]
16.5mm - 17.4mm 16.5mm - 17.4mm = 63
[63 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [367,317 / 657 (99.84)]
17.5mm - 18.4mm 17.5mm - 18.4mm = 63
[63 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [367,380 / 594 (99.86)]
18.5mm - 19.4mm 18.5mm - 19.4mm = 60
[60 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [367,440 / 531 (99.87)]
19.5mm - 20.4mm 19.5mm - 20.4mm = 56
[56 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [367,496 / 471 (99.89)]
20.5mm - 21.4mm 20.5mm - 21.4mm = 36
[36 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [367,532 / 415 (99.90)]
21.5mm - 22.4mm 21.5mm - 22.4mm = 38
[38 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [367,570 / 379 (99.91)]
22.5mm - 23.4mm 22.5mm - 23.4mm = 31
[31 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [367,601 / 341 (99.92)]
23.5mm - 24.4mm 23.5mm - 24.4mm = 41
[41 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [367,642 / 310 (99.93)]
24.5mm - 25.4mm 24.5mm - 25.4mm = 27
[27 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [367,669 / 269 (99.93)]
25.5mm - 26.4mm 25.5mm - 26.4mm = 20
[20 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [367,689 / 242 (99.94)]
26.5mm - 27.4mm 26.5mm - 27.4mm = 18
[18 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,707 / 222 (99.94)]
27.5mm - 28.4mm 27.5mm - 28.4mm = 24
[24 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [367,731 / 204 (99.95)]
28.5mm - 29.4mm 28.5mm - 29.4mm = 11
[11 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,742 / 180 (99.95)]
29.5mm - 30.4mm 29.5mm - 30.4mm = 14
[14 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,756 / 169 (99.96)]
30.5mm - 31.4mm 30.5mm - 31.4mm = 16
[16 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,772 / 155 (99.96)]
31.5mm - 32.4mm 31.5mm - 32.4mm = 11
[11 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,783 / 139 (99.97)]
32.5mm - 33.4mm 32.5mm - 33.4mm = 13
[13 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,796 / 128 (99.97)]
33.5mm - 34.4mm 33.5mm - 34.4mm = 13
[13 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,809 / 115 (99.97)]
34.5mm - 35.4mm 34.5mm - 35.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,814 / 102 (99.97)]
35.5mm - 36.4mm 35.5mm - 36.4mm = 8
[8 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,822 / 97 (99.98)]
36.5mm - 37.4mm 36.5mm - 37.4mm = 8
[8 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,830 / 89 (99.98)]
37.5mm - 38.4mm 37.5mm - 38.4mm = 10
[10 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,840 / 81 (99.98)]
38.5mm - 39.4mm 38.5mm - 39.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,842 / 71 (99.98)]
39.5mm - 40.4mm 39.5mm - 40.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,848 / 69 (99.98)]
40.5mm - 41.4mm 40.5mm - 41.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,853 / 63 (99.98)]
41.5mm - 42.4mm 41.5mm - 42.4mm = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,857 / 58 (99.99)]
42.5mm - 43.4mm 42.5mm - 43.4mm = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,860 / 54 (99.99)]
43.5mm - 44.4mm 43.5mm - 44.4mm = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,864 / 51 (99.99)]
44.5mm - 45.4mm 44.5mm - 45.4mm = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,870 / 47 (99.99)]
46.5mm - 47.4mm 46.5mm - 47.4mm = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,874 / 41 (99.99)]
47.5mm - 48.4mm 47.5mm - 48.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,876 / 37 (99.99)]
50.5mm - 51.4mm 50.5mm - 51.4mm = 8
[8 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,884 / 35 (99.99)]
52.5mm - 53.4mm 52.5mm - 53.4mm = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,888 / 27 (99.99)]
53.5mm - 54.4mm 53.5mm - 54.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,889 / 23 (99.99)]
54.5mm - 55.4mm 54.5mm - 55.4mm = 5
[5 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,894 / 22 (100.00)]
55.5mm - 56.4mm 55.5mm - 56.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,896 / 17 (100.00)]
56.5mm - 57.4mm 56.5mm - 57.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,897 / 15 (100.00)]
58.5mm - 59.4mm 58.5mm - 59.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,898 / 14 (100.00)]
59.5mm - 60.4mm 59.5mm - 60.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,899 / 13 (100.00)]
60.5mm - 61.4mm 60.5mm - 61.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,901 / 12 (100.00)]
65.5mm - 66.4mm 65.5mm - 66.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,902 / 10 (100.00)]
71.5mm - 72.4mm 71.5mm - 72.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,903 / 9 (100.00)]
73.5mm - 74.4mm 73.5mm - 74.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,904 / 8 (100.00)]
74.5mm - 75.4mm 74.5mm - 75.4mm = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,906 / 7 (100.00)]
75.5mm - 76.4mm 75.5mm - 76.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,907 / 5 (100.00)]
76.5mm - 77.4mm 76.5mm - 77.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,908 / 4 (100.00)]
79.5mm - 80.4mm 79.5mm - 80.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,909 / 3 (100.00)]
80.5mm - 81.4mm 80.5mm - 81.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,910 / 2 (100.00)]
84.5mm - 85.4mm 84.5mm - 85.4mm = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,911 / 1 (100.00)]

Missing observations (272 / 0.07%)

Wind Direction

Calm Calm = 2,881
[2,881 (0.78% / 0.78%)]
NNE NNE = 31,951
[31,951 (8.68% / 8.69%)]
NE NE = 25,640
[25,640 (6.96% / 6.97%)]
ENE ENE = 21,836
[21,836 (5.93% / 5.94%)]
E E = 28,642
[28,642 (7.78% / 7.79%)]
ESE ESE = 25,303
[25,303 (6.87% / 6.88%)]
SE SE = 24,708
[24,708 (6.71% / 6.72%)]
SSE SSE = 21,086
[21,086 (5.73% / 5.73%)]
S S = 23,265
[23,265 (6.32% / 6.32%)]
SSW SSW = 25,032
[25,032 (6.80% / 6.81%)]
SW SW = 13,495
[13,495 (3.67% / 3.67%)]
WSW WSW = 7,745
[7,745 (2.10% / 2.11%)]
W W = 7,740
[7,740 (2.10% / 2.10%)]
WNW WNW = 8,108
[8,108 (2.20% / 2.20%)]
NW NW = 17,970
[17,970 (4.88% / 4.89%)]
NNW NNW = 40,072
[40,072 (10.88% / 10.89%)]
N N = 42,370
[42,370 (11.51% / 11.52%)]

Missing observations (339 / 0.09%)

Wind Speed

0.0m/s - 0.4m/s 0.0m/s - 0.4m/s = 3,029
[3,029 (0.82% / 0.82%)] [3,029 / 367,867 (0.82)]
0.5m/s - 1.4m/s 0.5m/s - 1.4m/s = 10,986
[10,986 (2.98% / 2.99%)] [14,015 / 364,838 (3.81)]
1.5m/s - 2.4m/s 1.5m/s - 2.4m/s = 28,354
[28,354 (7.70% / 7.71%)] [42,369 / 353,852 (11.52)]
2.5m/s - 3.4m/s 2.5m/s - 3.4m/s = 43,205
[43,205 (11.73% / 11.74%)] [85,574 / 325,498 (23.26)]
3.5m/s - 4.4m/s 3.5m/s - 4.4m/s = 54,066
[54,066 (14.68% / 14.70%)] [139,640 / 282,293 (37.96)]
4.5m/s - 5.4m/s 4.5m/s - 5.4m/s = 56,042
[56,042 (15.22% / 15.23%)] [195,682 / 228,227 (53.19)]
5.5m/s - 6.4m/s 5.5m/s - 6.4m/s = 49,390
[49,390 (13.41% / 13.43%)] [245,072 / 172,185 (66.62)]
6.5m/s - 7.4m/s 6.5m/s - 7.4m/s = 39,572
[39,572 (10.75% / 10.76%)] [284,644 / 122,795 (77.38)]
7.5m/s - 8.4m/s 7.5m/s - 8.4m/s = 29,658
[29,658 (8.06% / 8.06%)] [314,302 / 83,223 (85.44)]
8.5m/s - 9.4m/s 8.5m/s - 9.4m/s = 21,169
[21,169 (5.75% / 5.75%)] [335,471 / 53,565 (91.19)]
9.5m/s - 10.4m/s 9.5m/s - 10.4m/s = 13,574
[13,574 (3.69% / 3.69%)] [349,045 / 32,396 (94.88)]
10.5m/s - 11.4m/s 10.5m/s - 11.4m/s = 8,150
[8,150 (2.21% / 2.22%)] [357,195 / 18,822 (97.10)]
11.5m/s - 12.4m/s 11.5m/s - 12.4m/s = 4,390
[4,390 (1.19% / 1.19%)] [361,585 / 10,672 (98.29)]
12.5m/s - 13.4m/s 12.5m/s - 13.4m/s = 2,285
[2,285 (0.62% / 0.62%)] [363,870 / 6,282 (98.91)]
13.5m/s - 14.4m/s 13.5m/s - 14.4m/s = 1,237
[1,237 (0.34% / 0.34%)] [365,107 / 3,997 (99.25)]
14.5m/s - 15.4m/s 14.5m/s - 15.4m/s = 729
[729 (0.20% / 0.20%)] [365,836 / 2,760 (99.45)]
15.5m/s - 16.4m/s 15.5m/s - 16.4m/s = 423
[423 (0.11% / 0.11%)] [366,259 / 2,031 (99.56)]
16.5m/s - 17.4m/s 16.5m/s - 17.4m/s = 349
[349 (0.09% / 0.09%)] [366,608 / 1,608 (99.66)]
17.5m/s - 18.4m/s 17.5m/s - 18.4m/s = 257
[257 (0.07% / 0.07%)] [366,865 / 1,259 (99.73)]
18.5m/s - 19.4m/s 18.5m/s - 19.4m/s = 193
[193 (0.05% / 0.05%)] [367,058 / 1,002 (99.78)]
19.5m/s - 20.4m/s 19.5m/s - 20.4m/s = 178
[178 (0.05% / 0.05%)] [367,236 / 809 (99.83)]
20.5m/s - 21.4m/s 20.5m/s - 21.4m/s = 138
[138 (0.04% / 0.04%)] [367,374 / 631 (99.87)]
21.5m/s - 22.4m/s 21.5m/s - 22.4m/s = 100
[100 (0.03% / 0.03%)] [367,474 / 493 (99.89)]
22.5m/s - 23.4m/s 22.5m/s - 23.4m/s = 80
[80 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [367,554 / 393 (99.91)]
23.5m/s - 24.4m/s 23.5m/s - 24.4m/s = 73
[73 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [367,627 / 313 (99.93)]
24.5m/s - 25.4m/s 24.5m/s - 25.4m/s = 50
[50 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [367,677 / 240 (99.95)]
25.5m/s - 26.4m/s 25.5m/s - 26.4m/s = 58
[58 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [367,735 / 190 (99.96)]
26.5m/s - 27.4m/s 26.5m/s - 27.4m/s = 33
[33 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [367,768 / 132 (99.97)]
27.5m/s - 28.4m/s 27.5m/s - 28.4m/s = 24
[24 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [367,792 / 99 (99.98)]
28.5m/s - 29.4m/s 28.5m/s - 29.4m/s = 27
[27 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [367,819 / 75 (99.99)]
29.5m/s - 30.4m/s 29.5m/s - 30.4m/s = 20
[20 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [367,839 / 48 (99.99)]
30.5m/s - 31.4m/s 30.5m/s - 31.4m/s = 7
[7 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,846 / 28 (99.99)]
31.5m/s - 32.4m/s 31.5m/s - 32.4m/s = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,852 / 21 (100.00)]
32.5m/s - 33.4m/s 32.5m/s - 33.4m/s = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,854 / 15 (100.00)]
33.5m/s - 34.4m/s 33.5m/s - 34.4m/s = 6
[6 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,860 / 13 (100.00)]
34.5m/s - 35.4m/s 34.5m/s - 35.4m/s = 3
[3 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,863 / 7 (100.00)]
35.5m/s - 36.4m/s 35.5m/s - 36.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,864 / 4 (100.00)]
36.5m/s - 37.4m/s 36.5m/s - 37.4m/s = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,866 / 3 (100.00)]
39.5m/s - 40.4m/s 39.5m/s - 40.4m/s = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [367,867 / 1 (100.00)]

Missing observations (316 / 0.09%)

Temperature

5.5C - 6.4C 5.5C - 6.4C = 4
[4 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [4 / 355,665 (0.00)]
6.5C - 7.4C 6.5C - 7.4C = 22
[22 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [26 / 355,661 (0.01)]
7.5C - 8.4C 7.5C - 8.4C = 70
[70 (0.02% / 0.02%)] [96 / 355,639 (0.03)]
8.5C - 9.4C 8.5C - 9.4C = 199
[199 (0.05% / 0.06%)] [295 / 355,569 (0.08)]
9.5C - 10.4C 9.5C - 10.4C = 488
[488 (0.13% / 0.14%)] [783 / 355,370 (0.22)]
10.5C - 11.4C 10.5C - 11.4C = 1,418
[1,418 (0.39% / 0.40%)] [2,201 / 354,882 (0.62)]
11.5C - 12.4C 11.5C - 12.4C = 3,381
[3,381 (0.92% / 0.95%)] [5,582 / 353,464 (1.57)]
12.5C - 13.4C 12.5C - 13.4C = 6,601
[6,601 (1.79% / 1.86%)] [12,183 / 350,083 (3.43)]
13.5C - 14.4C 13.5C - 14.4C = 10,485
[10,485 (2.85% / 2.95%)] [22,668 / 343,482 (6.37)]
14.5C - 15.4C 14.5C - 15.4C = 13,105
[13,105 (3.56% / 3.68%)] [35,773 / 332,997 (10.06)]
15.5C - 16.4C 15.5C - 16.4C = 14,559
[14,559 (3.95% / 4.09%)] [50,332 / 319,892 (14.15)]
16.5C - 17.4C 16.5C - 17.4C = 16,572
[16,572 (4.50% / 4.66%)] [66,904 / 305,333 (18.81)]
17.5C - 18.4C 17.5C - 18.4C = 18,415
[18,415 (5.00% / 5.18%)] [85,319 / 288,761 (23.99)]
18.5C - 19.4C 18.5C - 19.4C = 20,387
[20,387 (5.54% / 5.73%)] [105,706 / 270,346 (29.72)]
19.5C - 20.4C 19.5C - 20.4C = 21,194
[21,194 (5.76% / 5.96%)] [126,900 / 249,959 (35.68)]
20.5C - 21.4C 20.5C - 21.4C = 22,561
[22,561 (6.13% / 6.34%)] [149,461 / 228,765 (42.02)]
21.5C - 22.4C 21.5C - 22.4C = 22,077
[22,077 (6.00% / 6.21%)] [171,538 / 206,204 (48.23)]
22.5C - 23.4C 22.5C - 23.4C = 21,887
[21,887 (5.94% / 6.15%)] [193,425 / 184,127 (54.38)]
23.5C - 24.4C 23.5C - 24.4C = 22,011
[22,011 (5.98% / 6.19%)] [215,436 / 162,240 (60.57)]
24.5C - 25.4C 24.5C - 25.4C = 21,766
[21,766 (5.91% / 6.12%)] [237,202 / 140,229 (66.69)]
25.5C - 26.4C 25.5C - 26.4C = 23,253
[23,253 (6.32% / 6.54%)] [260,455 / 118,463 (73.23)]
26.5C - 27.4C 26.5C - 27.4C = 26,729
[26,729 (7.26% / 7.52%)] [287,184 / 95,210 (80.75)]
27.5C - 28.4C 27.5C - 28.4C = 26,664
[26,664 (7.24% / 7.50%)] [313,848 / 68,481 (88.24)]
28.5C - 29.4C 28.5C - 29.4C = 18,018
[18,018 (4.89% / 5.07%)] [331,866 / 41,817 (93.31)]
29.5C - 30.4C 29.5C - 30.4C = 12,575
[12,575 (3.42% / 3.54%)] [344,441 / 23,799 (96.84)]
30.5C - 31.4C 30.5C - 31.4C = 8,051
[8,051 (2.19% / 2.26%)] [352,492 / 11,224 (99.11)]
31.5C - 32.4C 31.5C - 32.4C = 2,722
[2,722 (0.74% / 0.77%)] [355,214 / 3,173 (99.87)]
32.5C - 33.4C 32.5C - 33.4C = 413
[413 (0.11% / 0.12%)] [355,627 / 451 (99.99)]
33.5C - 34.4C 33.5C - 34.4C = 35
[35 (0.01% / 0.01%)] [355,662 / 38 (100.00)]
34.5C - 35.4C 34.5C - 35.4C = 2
[2 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [355,664 / 3 (100.00)]
35.5C - 36.4C 35.5C - 36.4C = 1
[1 (0.00% / 0.00%)] [355,665 / 1 (100.00)]

Missing observations (12,518 / 3.40%)

Sunshine Duration

0.0h 0.0h = 246,565
[246,565 (66.97% / 67.52%)] [246,565 / 365,151 (67.52)]
0.1h 0.1h = 10,429
[10,429 (2.83% / 2.86%)] [256,994 / 118,586 (70.38)]
0.2h 0.2h = 7,938
[7,938 (2.16% / 2.17%)] [264,932 / 108,157 (72.55)]
0.3h 0.3h = 7,069
[7,069 (1.92% / 1.94%)] [272,001 / 100,219 (74.49)]
0.4h 0.4h = 6,746
[6,746 (1.83% / 1.85%)] [278,747 / 93,150 (76.34)]
0.5h 0.5h = 6,707
[6,707 (1.82% / 1.84%)] [285,454 / 86,404 (78.17)]
0.6h 0.6h = 6,729
[6,729 (1.83% / 1.84%)] [292,183 / 79,697 (80.02)]
0.7h 0.7h = 7,468
[7,468 (2.03% / 2.05%)] [299,651 / 72,968 (82.06)]
0.8h 0.8h = 8,987
[8,987 (2.44% / 2.46%)] [308,638 / 65,500 (84.52)]
0.9h 0.9h = 12,401
[12,401 (3.37% / 3.40%)] [321,039 / 56,513 (87.92)]
1.0h 1.0h = 44,112
[44,112 (11.98% / 12.08%)] [365,151 / 44,112 (100.00)]

Missing observations (3,032 / 0.82%)