1. Typhoon High Frequency Observation Images / Movies

This page provides a part of Himawari-8 data since July 7, 2015. Geostationary Meteorological Satellites: Himawari, GOES, GMS and MTSAT provides the basic information, and Himawari-8 Watching (in Japanese) provides other latest information.

Full Disk | Japan | Target Area | Typhoon High Frequency

"Target area" observation of Himawari-8 enables high-frequency observation of every 2.5 minutes for the region of about 1,000km. Because the satellite allows agile change of the observation region, it is suitable for keeping track of moving phenomena such as typhoons. However, it has a fundamental limitation that when multiple typhoons are active, only one of them can be observed.

To solve this problem, we take the best of two sources, Target area and Japan area. We use the "Target area" as the basic data source, but we switch the data source to "Japan area" when images of the latter is better than that of the former. Then we make a time lapse movie of the life cycle of typhoons by connecting these images.

Typhoon Visible Visible (large) Color Hybrid Infrared BD NHC Visible (eye)
201625 mp4 - 10.5 MB mp4 - 104.2 MB mp4 - 17.0 MB mp4 - 17.5 MB mp4 - 88.6 MB mp4 - 65.8 MB
201624 mp4 - 4.4 MB mp4 - 45.6 MB mp4 - 8.7 MB mp4 - 9.1 MB mp4 - 46.4 MB mp4 - 34.1 MB
201623 mp4 - 16.7 MB mp4 - 163.8 MB mp4 - 25.4 MB mp4 - 31.6 MB mp4 - 168.3 MB mp4 - 114.6 MB
201622 mp4 - 17.9 MB mp4 - 195.5 MB mp4 - 27.4 MB mp4 - 23.2 MB mp4 - 110.6 MB mp4 - 84.9 MB mp4 - 1.3 MB
201621 mp4 - 17.6 MB mp4 - 175.3 MB mp4 - 24.8 MB mp4 - 34.4 MB mp4 - 169.6 MB mp4 - 126.5 MB mp4 - 0.4 MB
201620 mp4 - 16.0 MB mp4 - 166.4 MB mp4 - 28.4 MB mp4 - 22.3 MB mp4 - 106.9 MB mp4 - 79.5 MB mp4 - 7.0 MB
201619 mp4 - 12.6 MB mp4 - 130.6 MB mp4 - 18.3 MB mp4 - 18.2 MB mp4 - 88.1 MB mp4 - 67.9 MB
201618 mp4 - 22.2 MB mp4 - 225.7 MB mp4 - 35.1 MB mp4 - 38.0 MB mp4 - 189.8 MB mp4 - 139.4 MB mp4 - 9.8 MB
201617 mp4 - 16.7 MB mp4 - 165.1 MB mp4 - 22.4 MB mp4 - 30.3 MB mp4 - 158.3 MB mp4 - 107.8 MB mp4 - 1.9 MB
201616 mp4 - 23.4 MB mp4 - 245.6 MB mp4 - 35.3 MB mp4 - 33.2 MB mp4 - 169.0 MB mp4 - 120.8 MB mp4 - 10.6 MB
201614 mp4 - 18.2 MB mp4 - 183.1 MB mp4 - 27.5 MB mp4 - 27.8 MB mp4 - 146.1 MB mp4 - 102.7 MB mp4 - 9.6 MB
201613 mp4 - 7.9 MB mp4 - 79.7 MB mp4 - 12.0 MB mp4 - 11.2 MB mp4 - 52.2 MB mp4 - 41.2 MB
201612 mp4 - 24.3 MB mp4 - 250.2 MB mp4 - 40.6 MB mp4 - 33.2 MB mp4 - 152.0 MB mp4 - 120.3 MB
201611 mp4 - 9.0 MB mp4 - 95.0 MB mp4 - 14.2 MB mp4 - 11.0 MB mp4 - 44.9 MB mp4 - 41.2 MB
201610 mp4 - 50.5 MB mp4 - 510.8 MB mp4 - 84.9 MB mp4 - 65.4 MB mp4 - 309.1 MB mp4 - 227.8 MB mp4 - 18.3 MB
201609 mp4 - 11.7 MB mp4 - 119.6 MB mp4 - 18.7 MB mp4 - 16.7 MB mp4 - 76.3 MB mp4 - 62.9 MB
201608 mp4 - 11.0 MB mp4 - 111.5 MB mp4 - 14.1 MB mp4 - 10.6 MB mp4 - 58.8 MB mp4 - 37.8 MB
201607 mp4 - 12.6 MB mp4 - 128.3 MB mp4 - 20.4 MB mp4 - 14.6 MB mp4 - 64.6 MB mp4 - 52.6 MB
201606 mp4 - 23.1 MB mp4 - 234.6 MB mp4 - 38.6 MB mp4 - 23.5 MB mp4 - 118.1 MB mp4 - 81.3 MB
201605 mp4 - 21.8 MB mp4 - 216.8 MB mp4 - 31.9 MB mp4 - 31.0 MB mp4 - 162.0 MB mp4 - 111.4 MB
201604 mp4 - 14.6 MB mp4 - 143.9 MB mp4 - 20.7 MB mp4 - 26.2 MB mp4 - 137.5 MB mp4 - 95.5 MB
201603 mp4 - 15.8 MB mp4 - 160.0 MB mp4 - 23.1 MB mp4 - 18.1 MB mp4 - 88.2 MB mp4 - 67.4 MB
201602 mp4 - 6.6 MB mp4 - 65.8 MB mp4 - 11.3 MB mp4 - 10.3 MB mp4 - 48.9 MB mp4 - 39.4 MB
201601 mp4 - 22.3 MB mp4 - 215.7 MB mp4 - 33.6 MB mp4 - 39.1 MB mp4 - 195.9 MB mp4 - 145.9 MB mp4 - 7.9 MB
201527 mp4 - 19.0 MB mp4 - 182.7 MB mp4 - 29.5 MB mp4 - 33.3 MB mp4 - 171.5 MB mp4 - 126.8 MB mp4 - 5.8 MB
201526 mp4 - 24.4 MB mp4 - 238.6 MB mp4 - 39.5 MB mp4 - 41.9 MB mp4 - 222.5 MB mp4 - 153.5 MB mp4 - 7.1 MB
201525 mp4 - 19.0 MB mp4 - 207.3 MB mp4 - 32.3 MB mp4 - 29.0 MB mp4 - 138.7 MB mp4 - 106.4 MB mp4 - 4.1 MB
201524 mp4 - 22.2 MB mp4 - 222.0 MB mp4 - 33.1 MB mp4 - 33.3 MB mp4 - 172.1 MB mp4 - 116.6 MB mp4 - 7.5 MB
201523 mp4 - 14.9 MB mp4 - 158.2 MB mp4 - 22.3 MB mp4 - 23.4 MB mp4 - 103.6 MB mp4 - 87.7 MB
201522 mp4 - 11.5 MB mp4 - 118.1 MB mp4 - 16.5 MB mp4 - 19.0 MB mp4 - 99.0 MB mp4 - 71.3 MB mp4 - 2.6 MB
201521 mp4 - 28.9 MB mp4 - 296.7 MB mp4 - 43.0 MB mp4 - 40.1 MB mp4 - 200.8 MB mp4 - 144.7 MB mp4 - 7.8 MB
201520 mp4 - 21.2 MB mp4 - 216.2 MB mp4 - 36.2 MB mp4 - 30.4 MB mp4 - 148.8 MB mp4 - 109.3 MB mp4 - 3.5 MB
201519 mp4 - 4.7 MB mp4 - 48.0 MB mp4 - 6.7 MB mp4 - 11.1 MB mp4 - 57.2 MB mp4 - 41.8 MB
201518 mp4 - 22.7 MB mp4 - 235.3 MB mp4 - 35.5 MB mp4 - 25.5 MB mp4 - 119.0 MB mp4 - 93.7 MB
201517 mp4 - 32.0 MB mp4 - 354.2 MB mp4 - 55.0 MB mp4 - 45.4 MB mp4 - 221.6 MB mp4 - 170.3 MB mp4 - 1.6 MB
201515 mp4 - 60.8 MB mp4 - 633.1 MB mp4 - 91.0 MB mp4 - 75.4 MB mp4 - 367.2 MB mp4 - 283.6 MB mp4 - 23.4 MB
201514 mp4 - 23.9 MB mp4 - 247.6 MB mp4 - 40.4 MB mp4 - 29.8 MB mp4 - 137.8 MB mp4 - 109.5 MB
201513 mp4 - 34.3 MB mp4 - 339.1 MB mp4 - 51.7 MB mp4 - 55.5 MB mp4 - 284.8 MB mp4 - 204.8 MB mp4 - 19.3 MB
201512 mp4 - 26.8 MB mp4 - 267.7 MB mp4 - 47.7 MB mp4 - 39.0 MB mp4 - 188.4 MB mp4 - 139.9 MB
201511 mp4 - 23.3 MB mp4 - 243.1 MB mp4 - 35.5 MB mp4 - 29.8 MB mp4 - 133.8 MB mp4 - 113.1 MB mp4 - 4.5 MB
201509 mp4 - 21.2 MB mp4 - 217.4 MB mp4 - 28.1 MB mp4 - 29.5 MB mp4 - 149.3 MB mp4 - 105.8 MB mp4 - 4.4 MB

These movies are created by a special map projection after matching the image center with the typhoon center defined by JMA. This has the effect of "stabilizer" on the raw target area images, so the motion of the typhoon is more smoother than the original.

In addition, the map projection method used in Digital Typhoon, namely Lambert azimuthal equal-area projection, allows us to create images where the center of the typhoon is always located at the center of the image, and the area of the typhoon is always correct irrespective of the geographical location of the typhoon.

'Visible' and 'True Color' can observe clouds only when the sun sheds light. On the other hand, 'Infrared' can observe clouds without the light of the sun. Moreover, 'Visible (eye)' is created for the period where the maximum wind of the typhoon is equal or above 85 knots (category Very Strong Typhoon and above).

Visible Visible (large) Visible (eye) Infrared
Radius on the earth 650km 650km 170km 650km
Number of pixels 650x650 2600x2600 650x650 650x650
Spatial resolution About 2km About 0.5km About 0.5km About 2km
Play speed 1 second = about 1 hour 1 second = about 1 hour 1 second = about 25 minutes 1 second = about 1 hour

Acknowledgment

For the moment, Himawari-8 data is obtained from NICT Science Cloud Himawari Satellite Project operated by National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), and data policy should be compatible with that project.