Digital humanities is a multidisciplinary field between informatics and humanities, aiming at solving humanistic problems using informatics methods to gain new knowledge or insights, or at exploiting new fields of informatics using humanistic problems as new opportunities.
The goal of the "Digital Silk Roads" Project is to propose a new approach to the preservation and utilization of cultural heritage originating in Silk Roads and other areas through the combination of information technology and cultural research and the provision of information infrastructure. This is an international project that consists of researchers from several countries. Specific research topics of the project is diverse, but I, in particular, focus on the following topics.
The target of digital archives is not only limited to cultural heritage. If we pay attention to the fact that a museum is sometimes called as "memory institution," memory may be the most important target to keep for future generations. In this sense, "disaster" is also a very important target due to its huge impact on human society.
The following is the collection of metadata standards related to the digital archive.
Interoperable online metadata standards.
MARC (Machine Readable Cataloging) is a metadata standard for bibliographic information. A related standard is Z39.50.
Metadata for digital resources from Getty foudation. Categories for the works of art and architectual drawings, and large-scale vocabularies for art and architecture (AAT), artist names (ULAN), and geographic names (TGN) are available.
A metadata standard for all kinds of literacy and linguistic texts.
A subject specific international classification system for iconographic research and the documentation of images.
The METS schema is a standard for encoding descriptive, administrative, and strucural metadata regarding objects within a digital library.
The CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model (CRM) provides definitions and a formal structure for describing the implicit and explicit concepts and relationships used in cultural heritage documentation.
Metadata for museums.
Metadata for digital libraries.
Metadata for searching information.
Metadata for geographic information.
Metadata defined by archivists. General International Standard Archival Description ISAD(G) and so on.
Metadata defined by archivists.
The metadata Z39.87 mainly about the image capture and encoding of still images, and its XML schema.
Metadata standards of images established by major companies.
Thesaurus for graphic materials with more than 600 terms.
Metadata for image management.
The multimedia collection of art.
The description of cultural objects for preventing art theft.